Ask yourself are there areas of criminological study

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Sexuality Now: Embracing Diversity
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Chapter 17 / Exercise 4
Sexuality Now: Embracing Diversity
Carroll
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Ask Yourself… Are there areas of criminological study for which experiments are impossible to conduct, such as the behavioral effects of taking drugs? If so, how else might you measure that association? Criminology in Action Measuring the Effect of Deviant Peers Criminologists Ray Paternoster, Jean Marie McGloin, Holly Nguyen, and Kyle J. Thomas conducted an interesting and informative experiment to measure whether peers influence behavior choices. They set up an experiment at a local university that was allegedly designed to measure short-term memory. The experimenter read a list of 20 words, which the subjects would be asked to recall at the end of the experiment; they were told they would receive $1 for each word they recalled correctly, for a maximum possible payment of $20. The participants were also asked to complete a short online survey about their background (demographic information), self-perceived memory ability, and other factors. Participants were told that they had eight minutes to answer the survey questions on the computer and that if they finished before then, they should simply sit quietly and wait so that every person waited the same amount of time before recalling the words. The experimenter left the room, and when he returned he told the subjects how to enter the words online. The experimenter then appeared to be shocked as he noticed four “junk web links” located at the bottom of the recall page. The experimenter clicked on the links and announced that they opened up lists of the words to be recalled (i.e., each of the four links opened a page of 5 words, giving participants access to all 20 words). The experimenter said the presence of the links was a software error and the participants should ignore the links when recalling the words. He then told the participants that he was going to leave the room to speak with a technician about removing the links. All subjects were well aware that there was an opportunity to cheat on this task. Unknown to the participants, a hired actor was also in the room who looked and acted like the other students (he was a student at another university). In some cases, the peer confederate completed the memory task without cheating and said nothing. In the experimental condition, once the experimenter left the room
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Sexuality Now: Embracing Diversity
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Chapter 17 / Exercise 4
Sexuality Now: Embracing Diversity
Carroll
Expert Verified
to talk to the technician, the peer confederate addressed the other subjects in the room using the following script: That guy was right—you can totally see the words if you click the links. Screw it. I’m using the lists. I thought we were guaranteed the 20 dollars—now we have to remember all the words? That’s ridiculous. I am doing it. The confederate then openly and clearly cheated on the task by clicking on all four links and using them to fill in the word recall list.

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