They were also building up arms while doing the

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They were also building up arms while doing the aforementioned. Policies were used in Korean government later. Wonsan Academy : Who/What: First modern private school/ taught modern Western studies When: 1883 Where: Wonsan, Korea Significance: place for learning and foundation; base of the national independence movement; schools held debates, oratorical contests, campaigns Good resource: - movement-intraman Oriental Development Company : Who/What: Japanese landholding company; many labor disputes among Korean farmers took place here concerning tenancy rights; Japanese agriculture policies also led to unrest When: 1908 Where: Kowon in South Hamgyong Province Significance: what started as farmers seeking economic justice turned into an anti-japanese movement SIN Ch’ae-ho : Who/What: Korean independence activist and nationalist When: 1880-1936 Where: Born in Korea, exiled himself to China Significance: Researched Korean history and promoted national pride. March First Movement : Who/What: korean people, local citizens, the masses. It was a peaceful march as a declaration of independence, surprise event at King Kojong’s funeral; began when Woodrow Wilson presented the doctrine of “self determination of nations” at the end of WWI, which was welcomed by Koreans (gave them hope that they could restore independence); suppressed by Japanese military forces, resulting in mass casualties When: march 1st, 1919 Where: started in seoul, eventually spread nationwide Significance: led to the end of Dark Period, led to change in cultural government/ cultural period, enhanced the rise of communist party “Enlightenment Administration” :
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Who/What: Administration under Japanese colonial rule that increased the number of police organs, limited educational access to Koreans, and enforced tight censorship. When: 1920s Where: Korea Significance: It was a superficial and deceptive moderation. It served as propaganda and provided no profound changes in reality. It also spread baseless rumors against Koreans. Sin’ganhoe : Who/What: communists and nationalists joined forces to form a single united nationalist organization; recognized as a legal organization by japanese authority (japan was still pursuing the enlightenment administration, and it allowed them to oversee what the nationalists were doing) When: 1927, dissolved in 1931 Where:Seoul Significance: largest public political and social anti-Japanese organization Kwangju Student Movement : Who/What: Japanese student teased Korean female student in the train and it led to a fight/ Japanese police officer only punished the Korean students When: 1929 Where: started in Kwangju and later spread nationwide Significance: 2nd biggest anti-Japanese movement after the March First Movement / student-led movement/194 schools; 54000 students; 582 expelled; 2330 suspended; 1642 arrested YUN Pong-gil (1908-1932) :
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  • Spring '12
  • Henry
  • Korea under Japanese rule, March 1st Movement

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