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In the meantime passenger service could only improve

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In the meantime passenger service could only improve. In 1927, an airplane called theLockheed Vega made its first flight, heralding the age of fast, comfortable travel for morethan a mail sack and pilot.In 1928, weather information was transmitted by teletype, and in the decade thatfollowed, that network expanded rapidly to bring pilots the kind of information that wasessential to safe, reliable service. By 1929, the Graf Zeppelin had flown around the world,and James H. Doolittle had made the first successful instrument landing. In that same era,Hamilton Standard produced the first hydraulic variable-pitch propeller. The technologywas advancing, but would any company running an airline be profitable enough to buyit?C H A P T E R 2 • H I S T O R I C A L P E R S P E C T I V E3 ³
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between these cities but had lost out to Eastern Air Transport, a much bigger line that hadbid 89 cents a mile. When his newspaper would not publish the story, Lewis approachedSenator Hugo Black of Alabama, who was chairing a Senate committee investigatingmaritime mail contracts. When Black heard the story, he quickly added air mail contractsto his investigation.After some lengthy hearings in which a number of supposed scandals were uncovered,Black had aroused the public and President Franklin D. Roosevelt to a point that all priorcontracts were immediately canceled. Roosevelt ordered the Army to begin flying themail, a decision that had tragic consequences. Even though Postmaster General JamesFarley had argued against the cancellation, the public’s wrath fell on him more than onthe president when one Army plane after another crashed in poor weather that the pilotswere completely unequipped to handle.Although Black’s hearings ultimately revealed no illegalities in Brown’s arrangements—even the supposed bidding scandal was explained to everyone’s satisfaction as a morecomplex arrangement than it first appeared—Black still came out the winner. He talkedRoosevelt into supporting a bill to separate the airframe companies from the airlines, toreopen competitive bidding, and to bar all the attendees of the Spoils Conference fromfurther participation. It was pure punitive politics, but at least the Army was out of themail business. Not only had a number of pilots lost their lives, but it had cost the Army$2.21 a mile to fly 16,000 miles of routes, compared to 54 cents a mile to cover 27,000 milesfor the airlines.The Air Mail Act of 1934 was signed into law by President Roosevelt after SenatorPat McCarran’s effort to legislate an independent regulatory body was defeated. Theact authorized new one-year contracts that were subject to review before renewal. TheInterstate Commerce Commission was involved as a regulator of rates, and the secretaryof commerce was empowered to specify what equipment was suitable for each route.

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Term
Spring
Professor
DR Mary Ibua
Tags
Civil aviation
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The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Fundamentals of Management
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Chapter 1 / Exercise 1
Fundamentals of Management
Griffin
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