In congress marshall vigorously supported the

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In Congress Marshall vigorously supported the Federalist policies of President John Adams. Marshall believed that the Constitution should be construed fairly so as to carry out the intentions of its framers. Any law or executive act that violated the terms of the Constitution was, in Marshall’s view, a nullity, of no force or effect; and it was the peculiar prerogative of the courts, as custodians of the laws of the land, to strike down any that offended the Supreme Law of the Land.
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5. This case resulted from a petition to the Supreme Court by William Marbury , who had been appointed by President John Adams as Justice of the Peace in the District of Columbia but whose commission was not subsequently delivered. Marbury petitioned the Supreme Court to force Secretary of State James Madison to deliver the documents, but the court, with John Marshall as Chief Justice, denied Marbury's petition, holding that part of the statute upon which he based his claim, the Judiciary Act of 1789 , was unconstitutional. Marbury v. Madison was the first time the Supreme Court declared something " unconstitutional ," and established the concept of judicial review in the U.S. (the idea that courts may oversee and nullify the actions of another branch of government ). The landmark decision
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