Emperor Franz Joseph Purpose of visit to Balkans Bosnia AH administration 1878

Emperor franz joseph purpose of visit to balkans

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Emperor Franz Joseph Purpose of visit to Balkans Bosnia AH administration 1878 AH annexation 1908 Reaction of…? Serbia is unhappy
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July Crisis Timeline The Sarajevo assassination 28 th of June 1914 28 June: Assassination by Bosnian Serb Relevance of date? Serbia was defeated and apart of the ottoman empire Serbian role? 5 July: German “blank cheque” to AH AH banks on German victory (wants to help) Gives them a big protector 23 July: AH blames Serbia & issues ultimatum (for assassination) “The most formidable document ever presented by one independent state to another.” (FM Grey) 28 July: AH declares war on Serbia 28/30 July: Russian mobilization starts (stop AH!) 1 August: German reaction: Declares war on Russia 3 August: Germany declares war on France 4 August: German invasion of (neutral) Belgium 4 August: Britain declares war on Germany Diplomacy “failed” | Alliances activated | Peace broken Military balance in 1914 Entente Powers GB 0.7 million Fr 3.5 Russ 4.4 Total 8.6 Central Powers Germ 3.8 million A-H 3.0 Total 6.8 Why so savage and long?? Schlieffen Plan failed Defensive war: Advantage in defense Trenches Stalemate Technological parity Weapons production > | money War enthusiasm (debate) Numbers of men e.g. The Somme July-Nov. 1916 Allied counter-attack to Verdun 3 million men | 23 miles |360 attacks
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+ 1 million casualties Gain 5 miles Weapons production Mobilizing women (“the home front”) for war USA April 1917 Military and home front implication 2 million troops total Armistice 11 nov 1918 Germany alone Nov Domestic opposition > Kaiser abdicates nov. 9 German republic under F. Erfurt (SPD) Results of WW1 European-wide devastation Displacement, refugees Destruction land, livestock, industry, cultural capital “Hidden” economic costs e.g. wounded; war widows European debt USA The war generation Youth < Implications for interwar years Wilfred Owen 1893-1918 “If in some smothering dreams, you too could pace Behind the wagon that we flung him in, And watch the white eyes writhing in his face, His hanging face, like a devil’s sick of sin; If you could hear, at every jolt, the blood Come gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs, Obscene as cancer, bitter as the cud Of vile, incurable sores on innocent tongues,— My friend, you would not tell with such high zest To children ardent for some desperate glory, The old Lie: Dulce et decorum est Pro patria mori .” It is sweet and honurable to die for one’s country. (FAMOUSSSS) Imperial houses of Germany, Austria & Russia collapse
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Creation of “modern eastern Europe” Conclusion Costs of war New world Postwar effort to deal with WWI devastation Solutions : Communist, Fascist, Liberal variants of modernization Jarausch Lecture 3 The Russian Revolution(s) 1917 Russia before and in WW1 o Where was it heading Feb revolution 1917
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