3.Democrats got most of their support from the South. They were supported by Lutherans and Catholics.2.A split developed in the 1870's and 80's within the Republican party.1.The Stalwartswere led by Roscoe Conkling.2.The Half-Breedswere led by James G. Blaine.7.The Hayes-Tilden Standoff, 18761.Pres. Grant considered running for a third term in 1876. The House soundly voted down that option and Grantbacked off.2.The Republicans nominated Rutherford B. Hayes. He was called the "Great Unknown", for obvious reasons.1.He was neutral in the Conkling and Blained wars within the Republican party.2.And, his greatest attribute, he came from Ohio, an important state in winning the race.3.The Democrats nominated Samuel Tilden.1.Tilden's claim-to-fame was that he'd nailed Boss Tweed.2.Tilden got 184 electoral votes; he needed 185to win.3.20 votes were hanging in the balance due to questionable returns. Picking up only 1 vote would seeeTilden elected.4.Both sides sent people to the questionable states (LA, SC, FL, and OR) and both men claimed victories there.1.The question then became, "Which branch of Congress would count the states' votes?" Depending on whocounted, the Democratic House or the Republican Senate, the vote would likely go that way.2.Weeks passed and the election was at a stalemate.8.The Compromise of 1877 and the End of Reconstruction1.With a president needed, Congress passed the Electoral Count Actthat set up a commission to resolve the crisis.1.There were 15 men (from the House, Senate, and Supreme Court) on the commission.2.8 men were Republicans, 7 were Democrats2.The Republicans had the upper hand and were heading toward victory among the disputed states. Democrats wereoutraged and began to filibuster to tie up the process.3.Finally, a deal was made in the Compromise of 1877. True to a compromise, both sides did some give-and-take.1.The North…1.Got Rutherford B. Hayes elected as a Republican president.2.The South…1.Got a pledge that Hayes would removal of military occupation in the South.2.This did happen, thus ending Reconstruction. The bad news for the freedmen was that Southernblacks were now effectively left alone to fend for themselves. The Civil Rights Act of 1875supposedly gave equal rights to blacks, but the Supreme Court had struck much of it down. Also,white Southerners began to reclaim a strong hold on power.3.Additionally, money would be spent on the Texas and Pacific railroad.9.The Birth of Jim Crow in the Post-Reconstruction South1.With the military gone, white Southerners reasserted their power over blacks. Fraud and intimidation were thetools.2.Most blacks had no option but to become sharecroppers. They farmed land they didn't own, then paid hefty feesto the landlord come harvest time. The system was stacked against them so that they'd never get out of debt.