Q8 from 1980 to 1989 total consumption of fish in the

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Q8: From 1980 to 1989, total consumption of fish in the country of Jurania increased by 4.5 percent, and total consumption of poultry products there increased by 9.0 percent. During the same period, the population of Jurania increased by 6 percent, in part due to immigration to Jurania from other countries in the region. If the statements above are true, which of the following must also be true on the basis of them? A. During the 1980’s in Jurania, profits of wholesale distributors of poultry products increased at a greater rate than did profits of wholesale distributors of fish. B. For people who immigrated to Jurania during the 1980’s, fish was less likely to be a major part of their diet than was poultry. C. In 1989 Juranians consumed twice as much poultry as fish. D. For a significant proportion of Jurania’s population, both fish and poultry products were a regular part of their diet during the 1980’s. E. Per capita consumption of fish in Jurania was lower in 1989 than in 1980. Answer: ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- - Q9 to Q12: In its 1903 decision in the case of Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock , the United States Supreme Court rejected the Line efforts of three Native American tribes (5) to prevent the opening of tribal lands to non-Indian settlement without tribal consent. In his study of the Lone Wolf case, Blue Clark properly emphasizes the Court’s assertion (10) of a virtually unlimited unilateral power of Congress (the House of Represen- tatives and the Senate) over Native American affairs. But he fails to note the decision’s more far-reaching (15) impact: shortly after Lone Wolf , the federal government totally abandoned 18
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negotiation and execution of formal written agreements with Indian tribes as a prerequisite for the implemen- (20) tation of federal Indian policy. Many commentators believe that this change had already occurred in 1871 when— following a dispute between the House and the Senate over which (25) chamber should enjoy primacy in Indian affairs—Congress abolished the making of treaties with Native American tribes. But in reality the federal government continued to nego- (30) tiate formal tribal agreements past the turn of the century, treating these documents not as treaties with sover- eign nations requiring ratification by the Senate but simply as legislation to be (35) passed by both houses of Congress. The Lone Wolf decision ended this era of formal negotiation and finally did away with what had increasingly become the empty formality of obtain- ing tribal consent. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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