DSST Fundamentals of counseling

True or false a client automatically prefers a

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commonalities. True or False: A client automatically prefers a counselor that is culturally similar to himself or herself. False The main factor for choosing a counselor is personality fit. Assuming that a client will prefer a counselor who belongs to the same cultural group is another form of stereotyping that needs to be avoided. Belonging to the same cultural group may enhance some therapeutic relationships but it may also produce blind-spots in others where an objective viewpoint might be able to add more valuable insight. Feminist therapy believes that traditional counseling theories are rooted in stereotypical assumptions about women. The feminist approach to therapy is very eclectic and demands different techniques and tools depending on the situation and the individual. Feminist theory also has to look at the woman within her cultural context as Asian women are different from Islamic women who are different from American women. Feminist therapy establishes an egalitarian relationship between the counselor and the client. The feminist counselor considers herself a partner with the client and there is an emphasis on mutual support and understanding. Feminist theory emphasizes sharing power and self-disclosure. An Andro -centric theory uses male oriented constructs to draw conclusions about the human population. Many psychological theories grew out of an era when men and women were viewed as possessing different personality traits based on gender alone. This a limitation of traditional therapies and must be recognized when assessing the usefulness of each to different situations. A Gender -centric theory proposes two divergent paths of development for men and women. Rooted in the notion that men and women are fundamentally different, some theorists have explained personality and behavioral differences in terms of gender alone. An Ethno-centric theory supposes that all facts related to human development are universal across cultures, races , and nations. Multicultural Counseling and Therapy was developed in direct opposition to this homogenous worldview. Most counselors have come to recognize the important role that a person’s culture has on the overall personality and behavioral development. Heterosexism refers to the heterosexual orientation as the norm. Heterosexism is a form of discrimination that concludes that homosexual relationships are wrong or less valued.
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An Intra-psychic orientation supports the notion that an individual is to blame for their behavior and reactions to situations. This viewpoint results in blaming the victim for whatever is causing him or her distress. It does not consider the reality of external factors and the impact that these can have on a person’s development and behavior Determinism assumes that personality and patterns of behavior are set at a very early stage of physical development.
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