Aggressive etc but then as they grow it is normalized

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aggressive etc., but then as they grow it is normalized  could contribute to why they are failing in the schooling system bc of the way they are socialized Excessive medication – ADHD, as opposed to therapy – more time consuming, more funds needed, quick fix is offered Race and class – disadvantaged groups will have even less funds to deal with these problems with children, less access to treatment and therapy, structural issues within education Warrior narratives in the classroom (Jordan and Cowan Reading) o Narratives that assume that violence is legitimate and justified when it occurs within a struggle between good and evil, boys are socialized in a certain way that is not sustainable in educational environments o Ex. kids play: heroes versus villain, violent o Public/private division  boys learn how to live in the public sphere of rationality and responsibility o Despite this, masculinity norms remain the same – aggressiveness o Aggressive masculinity may be channeled into sports, sexual behavior, etc. o Even though most boys learn how to live in the public sphere, we still see aggressive masculinity that is challenged into other areas Gender disparities in STEM fields (science, technology, engineering, mathematics) o Males more interest in math and science In the media: women’s brains are different, different abilities etc.  problematic o Yet, females just as good or better GPA in math and science The scientist stereotype is persistent, most people think about Einstein, not accurate picture but this stereotype is still strongly present Boys more confident to go into these fields, females are less confident about their scores
Teachers tend to focus more on developing girls reading and writing skills but when it comes to math, they are more likely to ask the boys how to figure out something etc. The leaky pipeline Year to Year Leakage Has a lot to do with how parents and teachers socialize the children o Elementary Equal skill level Different levels of interest; different extracurricular activities Causes of leakage: lack of familiarity and confidence , socialization o Secondary Equal skill level Different levels of interest increase  fewer girls in science/math classes Causes of leakage: self-selection, male dominated fields, role of teacher, parents, counselors, gendered expectations, career aspirations o Post-Secondary More females attend university Difference in terms of area of study Causes of leakage: self-selection, lack of encouragement, lack of networks, harassment Reasons for Leaving
° No longer ‘one of the boys’ (Ranson) o Women enter engineering as 'conceptual men' motherhood changes this due to incompatibilities between the two Women with no children can position themselves as 'one of the boys' Mothers downshifting to accommodate children: either opting out or drastic reduction in work hours Embodied challenges to working like a man College (McGill Fall 2010)
o enrollment in faculty by gender, fall 2010 o ° department specific enrollment, McGill University, fall 2010 °

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