Terry v ohio 1968 the court ruled that searches of

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Terry v. Ohio (1968)--The Court ruled that searches of criminal suspects are constitutional and police may search suspects ______________________________. Nix v. Williams (1984)--The Court established the inevitable discovery rule, allowing evidence discovered as the result of an illegal search to be introduced if it can be shown that __________________________________________________. United States v. Leon (1984)--The Court established the _______________________ to the exclusionary rule. 5th Amendment: Self-IncriminationMiranda v. Arizona(1966)--The Court ruled that suspects in police custody have certain rights and that _________________________________________________ (right to remain silent, right to an attorney). 6th Amendment: Right to an Attorney Powell v. Alabama (1932)--The Court established that the due process clause of the 14th Amendment guarantees defendants __________________________________ the right to an attorney. Betts v. Brady (1942)--The Court ruled that the poor defendants in ______________ are not entitled to an attorney at government expense.Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)--The Court ruled that in state trials, those who cannot afford an attorney _______________________________, overturning Betts v. Brady.Escobedo v. Illinois (1964)--The Supreme Court extended the exclusionary rule to illegal confessions in state court cases. The Court also defined the “Escobedo rule,” which stated that persons have the right to an attorney when an investigation begins “to focus on a particular suspect.” If the suspect has been arrested, has requested anattorney, and has not been warned of his or her right to remain silent, the suspect has been ___________________________________________________. 8th Amendment: Cruel and Unusual Punishment Furman v. Georgia (1972)--The Court ruled __________________________________under existing state law because it was imposed arbitrarily. 8
Gregg v. Georgia (1976)--In this case, the death penalty was constitutional because it was imposed based on ________________________________________. Civil RightsCivil rights are guaranteed by ________________________________________________which was added to the Constitution after the Civil War to prevent states from discriminating against former slaves and to protect former slaves’ rights. The courts recognize that some forms of discrimination may be valid (preventing those under 21 from consuming alcohol) and have therefore devised the _________________ to determine if the discrimination has a legitimate purpose. The courts have also developed the _______________________, a much stricter standard. If the discrimination reflects prejudice, the courts automatically classify it as suspect andrequire the government _______________________________ for the discrimination. For example, if a city had separate schools for different races, the city would have to prove how this serves a compelling public interest. The Civil Rights MovementAfter the Civil War three amendments were passed to ensure the rights of the former slaves. The 13th Amendment _________________________. The 14th Amendment _____________________________________________________________________________________________, which were used by the Supreme Court to apply the Bill of Rights to the state and local governments. The 15th Amendment provided that individuals could ___________________________________________________ or the fact that they were once a slave. Until the 1950s and 1960s states continued to use discriminatory practices to prevent African Americans from participating in the political processes.

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