Chancellor friedrich ebert 1871 1925 social

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-Chancellor Friedrich Ebert (1871-1925).-Social Democratic Party.-Free Corps.-Ruhr Valley.-Kapp Putsch (March 20, 1920).Wolfgang Kapp: civil servant, hates new government (thinks they are weaklings)24
Tries to overthrow the Weimar Republic with ex-soldiersGerman Inflation: July 1914-Mid-Nov. 1923:July 1914: $1 = 4.2 German marks.January 1919: $1 = 8.9 marks.January 1920: $1 = 64.8 marks.January 1921: $1 = 64.9 marks.January 1922: $1 =191.8 marks.January 1923: $1 = 17,972 marks.October 1923: $1 = 25,260,208,000 marks.Mid-November 1923: $1 = 4,200,000,000,000 marks.Source for numbers: Gordon Craig, Germany 1866-1945(1978).Printing too much money to pay debtsMiddle Class: all wealth is now worth nothing.-Chancellor Gustav Stresemann.-The Dawes Plan.-Era of Good Feelings: 1925-1929.-Stock Market Crash (Oct. 1929) = Great Depression.The Rise of the Nazis & Adolf Hitler (1889-1945):25
-Munich Beer Hall Putsch (Nov. 9, 1923).- Mein Kampf (My Struggle)(1925).-President Paul von Hindenburg.-1932 Presidential Election: Paul von Hindenburg: 19 million votes.oWins presidential electionAdolf Hitler: 13.5 million votes.oBecomes Chancellor of the German governmentBut Nazis increase strength in Reichstag.-Reichstag Fire (February 27, 1933).-Enabling Act (March 23, 1933). -The S.S. (Protective Squadron) & the Gestapo.-Night of Long Knives (June 30-July 2, 1934).-Fuhrer(August 1934).LeaderHitler claims himself “The Leader” of GermanyoComplete and total control26
The Route to Hitler’s War06/04/2011 12:44:00Hitler’s War = WWIIThemes:1) Hitler’s consolidation of power under Fascism.2) Nazis’ desire for expansion.3) Intensification of anti-Semitism & racism.Hitler’s consolidation of power under Fascism:-Adolf Hitler (1889-1945).-National Socialist German Workers Party.-S.A. (storm troopers).-Munich Beer Hall Putsch (November 9, 1923).-Mein Kampf (My Struggle):published 1925. -“Era of Good Feelings” (1925-1929).-German President Paul von Hindenburg.-Reichstag Fire (February 27, 1933).-The Enabling Act (March 23, 1933).-S.S. (Protective Squadron). -Gestapo.27
-Volkswagen(people’s car). Everyone would be able to afford itMade in Germany, keep money from the United StatesoHitler believed the US was “unpure”If you support the Nazi’s, you can afford a car-Strength through Joy (founded 1933).-Night of the Long Knives (June 30-July 2, 1934).-Der Fuhrer.“The Leader”-Triumph of the Will: Director: Leni Riefenstahl.-Sought to win the hearts of all of the German population, including young children and older citizens and politicians and business owners, etc.-Joseph Goebbels: Minister of Propaganda. Promoted HitlerNazis’ desire for expansion:-“Aryans” (“All the German Race as One”).Different races had different Adam & Eve’sHitler believed that at one time, the Aryans were the most powerful and pure race-Promotion of a “Pure” German Culture.

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