Great schism in 1324 avignon pope john xxii

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Great Schism – in 1324 Avignon Pope John XXII excommunicated the Holy Roman emperor Ludwig IV – dispute over the election led to a division Thomas Aquinas – greatest medieval Christian thinker – created the Summa Theologiae – the basis for the Roman Catholic Church Reformation – movement that revolutionized the Western church destroying its hold on Europe Martin Luther – founder of the Protestant Reformation - nailed his Ninety-Five Theses on the door of the Wittenberg Church in 1517 – most central idea was that everyone had the authority to interpret Scripture, Martin Luther was excommunicated for his 95 Theses from the Catholic church Sale of Indulgences – practice the church claimed would pay for sins committed by the living or dead who were in purgatory – led to corruption – is the basis of the Theses of Martin Luther John Calvin – greatest mind of the Reformation – he wrote the “The Institutes of the Christian Religion” classic text of the Protestant theology (Calvanist religion) Ulrich Zwingli – Reformation in Switzerland – Catholic priest in Zulrich, became the Peoples Priest in 1519 – preached Martin Luthers message – his message more simple than Calvin and Luther. Zwingli - Bible absolute authority – practice only those things stated in the Old and New Testament Catholic Counter-Reformation followed the Reformation – attempted to reform the Catholic Church – did correct the Sale of Indulgences and reinforced its defense of sacred images Seven (7) Sacraments of the Catholic Church 1. Baptism 2. Confirmation 3. Penance 4. Communion (eucharist) 5. Extreme unction (giving of last rites, anoints dying with oil and hears last confession) 6. Marriage 7. Holy order Council of Trent – reaffirms Seven Sacraments Protestants – reject all of the sacraments EXCEPT baptism and communion Puix IX – in 1854 declared Immaculate Conception of Mary a dogma
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John Wesley founded the Methodist Church – Methodist second most popular Protestant denomination Baptist - most popular Protestant denomination in America Ecumenical Movement – attempted to close the gap between various Christian branches toward reunification of Christianity Eastern Orthodox Church – allows priest to marry prior to ordination, use icons (paintings of Jesus, Angels etc – considered sacred) – does not believe that Mary was born sinless only chosen to be mother of Christ, Roman Catholic Church – does not allow priest to marry, decorate with statues, believes Mary was born without sin Easter Holiday– Christians celebrate Resurrection of Jesus Pentecost Holiday – Christian Holiday commemorates the Holy Spirit’s descept upon the disciples 50 days after Jesus’s Resurrection (considered by some the birthday of the church) also recognized in Judaism the giving of the law to Moses on Mt. Sinai Anabaptist – includes Baptists, the Mennonites and the Amish Southern Baptist – do not believe in infant baptism
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