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B the coming ofthe liberal ideas 1 the administration

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B. The Coming ofthe Liberal Ideas1. The Administration of Carlos Maria De la Torre
Carlos Maria De La Torre was a liberal-minded governor general in the Philippines,during his administration, he encouraged the Filipinos to participate in the governmentand expressed their sentiments for the development of his administration. This method ofGovernance became an eye-opener to those who experienced his liberal administration.They became aware that the colonial government could also undergo political reformsand the Filipinos could also have an active participation in the government; however, asthe transition from liberal to conservative monarch in Spain, the liberal administration ofCarlos Maria De La Torre ended and he was succeeded by a conservative governorgeneral Rafael de Izquierdo who imposed rules opposite De la Torre. The sudden shiftfrom liberal going to conservative gained negative reaction from the Filipinos.2. The Issue of SecularizationThe secularization issue started in the times of Archbishop Sta. Justa andGovernor General Anda (1767-1776). The problemsaboutthe vacancies in thenumerous churches were solved by the appointment of Filipino priests and this decisionof the archbishop was supportedby Governor General Anda. This move was criticizedby the regular priest who questioned the credibility of the Filipino priest in leading thechurch and the controversy was highlighted by the questions from the standpoint of thegeneral interest of the church and the advancement of the parochial affairs in the country.The problem reached the Consejo de Indias and in the Royal Decree in December 1776,the secularization of the parishes implemented by Archbishop Sta. Justa was suspended.The Royal Decree which limited the appointment of the Filipino priest in theparishes was followed by orders which commanded the return of the parishes to theregular priest. The Filipino priest knew that the policies aimed to eliminate the leadershipof the Filipino in the Philippine churches. This situation in the parishes and thediscrimination of the Filipino priest led to the creation of the secularization movementand Father Pedro Pelaez, the Vicar Capitular of Manila Cathedral led the movement. Thismovement sought reform in the policies of the church towards the Filipino priest andeventually for the Filipinization of the Philippine curacies. The secularization issues gavebirth to the popularity of the spokespersons of the Filipino priest Fr. Burgos, Fr. Zamoraand Fr.Gomez and put them in conflict with the Spanish priest.3. The Cavite MutinyThe administration of Rafael de Izquierdo cancelled the benefits enjoyed by the Filipinosoldiers in Cavite like,the exemption in tribute and personal services. This resulted to theunrest of the laborers in the Cavite arsenal. The event waspopularly knownasCavite Mutiny; this uprising was of local character and was quickly suppressed. But themutiny was used by the Spanish äuthorities against the Filipino reactionaries like Fr.

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Term
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The Bible, Jose P Rizal

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