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1854- President Franklin Pierce enforced the law strenuouslyoDetermined that the entire army and navy would be under orders to help federal commissioners enforce the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 -Harriet Beecher Stowe’s publication of Uncle Tom’s Cabin, 1852oDepicts racism of northerners who want to abolish slavery, but have no desire to be around black people oHBS had always been anti-slavery oShe and her husband Calvin had African American servants, she heard stories from them about runaway slaves who had crossed the Ohio RiveroHBS had always been a member of anti-slavery societyoBelieved slavery was a sin and that it was eviloBefore she wrote UTC had written other short storiesoSister Catherine Beecher never married, was a schoolteacher, wrote about domesticity oHBS is an exemplar of everything Nancy Cott was writing about- learn about the gender ideology regarding womanhood and religion oHBS wrote UTC to arouse readers about the inherent evil of slavery, to her there was no such thing as a kindmaster
oHer point is there is no such thing as a nice situation in slavery, the essence of slavery is the depravation of libertyo“The thing itself is the essence of all abuse.” oIs her depiction of slavery accurate?M, 12/3Harriet Beecher Stowe and Uncle Tom’s CabinPolitical Disintegration and Sectional AllegiancesGeneral Information about HBS and UTCMajor themes:•Slavery- she thought slavery was a sin and that it was her duty as a Christian woman to speak out; writes UTC to arouse sympathies of white northerners about the situation of slavery in the southoBook was very controversialoA number of southerners wrote articles challenging some of her depictions of slavery suggestion that she had severely exaggerated oThought it was nothing more than abolitionist propaganda oAll fictional characters- How accurate was the novel? She was pretty accurate…the various stories that HBS tells can be paralleled to real life; her reason for including different slave owners as her characters with different ways of treating their slaves is that there is NO situation in which slavery can be considered ok•Humanity of African-American slavesoFirst piece of literature that depicted African Americans as real human beings oUTC is not free of certain racist stereotypes oHer African American characters are not all alike, there are many different ways that the African American slaves respond to their deprivation oShe portrays a significant amount of variety among both the white characters and the black characters, the slave owners and the slaves•Religiono2 of the major character of the book (Tom and Eva) are devout Christians oHBS is clearly in that tradition of religious symbolism that emphasized that religion was a matter of the heart oBesides Tom, mainly females who talk about religion •MotherhoodoMany of the characters are mothers, but not in the same way oGlorification of motherhood•Civil Disobedience•Racism