Decline of puritan orthodoxy english amateur sport

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Decline of Puritan Orthodoxy English amateur sport movement Contribution of powerful individuals 1891 Basketball - James Naismith 1895 Volleyball - William Morgan o Serious Sport Horseracing Boxing Rowing Yatch racing Baseball Track and field Football o Most Important Race of colonial era 1752 Set up by Virginia plantation owner William Byrd Issued challenged and offered 500 Spanish pistoles Race was won by "Selima" Offspring would become champions o Beginning of Organized Sport Horse racing Popular in established cities Gambling made it controversial Banned in northern cities
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Became more popular in south Rich horse owners o Importing/breeding/training of horses for racing o Slave jockeys and trainers o Baseball Early forms played by adults and kids: base or goal ball, rounder's, town ball 1791 law in Pittsfield, MA prohibiting baseball within 80yds of town hall In early beginning players could hit runner Described in 1839 book "the Boys and Girls Book or Sports" Evidence of varied forms played throughout the each and frontier o Alexander Cartwright's Knickerbockers Alexander Cartwright and his friends "The Knickerbockers" (1842) Established rules for play Moved field to Elysian Field in Hoboken, NJ Began play as organized club Rules: 9 players Bases 90ft apart Game consisted of 21 counts (outs) o With change after 3 outs Ball must be "pitched for the bat" (underhand) Fly ball or ball caught on first bounce was an out Umpire who sat at table o Elysian Fields First site of organized baseball game o Baseball becomes popular in NY Area as "adult recreational sport" Teams throughout NY area
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Adult recreational sport for gentlemen 1858 games between a;; star teams (admission charged) Knickerbockers first team for National Association for Baseball Players 1859 colleges started playing baseball (Amhurst and Williams college) Candy Cummings credited for first overhand curve ball After that ball was thrown overhand o Civil War as vehicle for spread of baseball Prior to civil war Known mostly in New England Played by "gentlemen" During civil war Played by both sides (union and confederate) Pass time games Results of Civil War baseball Spread across country Played by all social classes Recognized as "national Pastime" o Invention of Basketball James Naismith 1891 Went to University of Kansas and became first basketball coach Didn’t like how competitive it got, and how much contact it contained YMCA Training School o Basketball hall of fame names after him
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