Classics-212-Mid-Term-Study-Guide.pdf

Aedile originally plebeian magistrate position opened

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Aedile – originally plebeian magistrate position, opened to patricians in 367. Duties include holding of certain games, overseeing the marketplace, and maintenance of public order Praetor – magistrates who replaced the king in 509 BC. 367 BC – praetor was added with imperium. Second praetor added towards the end of the First Punic War; raised to 4 around 228 BC; raised to 6 in 198 BC. Sulla increased the number to 8 and assigned them to the administration of standing courts in Rome, and Caesar further raised the number to 16. Praetorship became key position in the senatorial career Consul – the highest magistrate. Elected by the comitia centuriata, held the executive power of earlier kings—command of the army in war, the right to summon assemblies, and the right to inflict punishment upon Roman citizens. Censor (censor: morality) two censors elected every five years for 18 month terms; drew up lists of Roman citizens, responsible for leasing revenue producing public property. Originally a patrician office, plebeians were allowed to hold it after 339BC Tribune of plebs – magistracy est. in 494 BC. Sacrosanct office (legally protected from physical harm); did not have imperium or auspicia. Originally 2 tribunes, later 10. Presided over concilium plebis. Could summon the senate and propose legislation. Gracchi brothers both held this position. Dictator - elected for absolute power during emergency; ex: Caesar Senate - not elected, but appointed by the consuls/censors body; could make suggestions but could not propose real legislations; great informal influence; people who held the highest office beforehand would speak first (i.e., the consuls down to quaestors) Philip V of Macedon - supported Carthage at end of 2nd Punic war which led to Rome declaring war on them → 2nd Macedonian war Antiochus III, Seleucid King - 241-187 B.C.; war against Rome in Greece; beaten by Scipio Africanus in 190 B.C. Attalus III of Pergamum- after death in 133 B.C., gave kingdom to the Romans; Tiberius wanted to give the land to the people but he and his followers were all killed Titus Quinctius Flaminius - 229-174 B.C.; Roman politician who was instrumental in conquest of Greece; beat Philip V of Macedon
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8 Kingdom of Pergamum - surrenders to Rome in 133, and the question of what to do with the land caused the conflict related to the Gracchi brothers Seleucid Kingdom- ruled by Antiochus III, modern-day Syria Macedonian Kingdom- ruled by Philip V, modern-day Greece Ptolemaic Kingdom - Dynasty ruled by Cleopatra over Egypt Aetolian League - considered reckless & barbaric by Greece; also allied with Rome against Macedonians and conquered by Rome later Achaean League - allied with Rome against Macedonians; taken into Roman empire at the end; region of Peloponnese Corinth -- Destroyed reluctantly by the Romans in 146 as a result of the Achaean War (they didn’t want to destroy such an important cultural center, but they wanted to keep fighting Macedon even less) Thermopylae -- Battle in 191 (Syrian War) when Seleucids invade Rome; city that constitutes a main highway Cynoscephelae--
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