Legal standard a reasonable person in the same or similar circumstances would

Legal standard a reasonable person in the same or

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Legal standard: a reasonable person (in the same or similar circumstances would find the situation offensive) - Unintentional when a person thinks he’s saying something funny or complimentary but the other person is offended (Failure to obtain intersubjective) o Violence against women - Consequence and cause of inequality o Domestic Violence and sexual assault - In much of history, violence against women in the home was accepted - Domestic Violence (Defined by US Department of Justice) – a pattern of abusive behavior in any relationship that is used by one partner to gain or maintain power and control over another intimate partner; also known as intimate partner violence Physical, sexual, psychological, emotional, economic Behaviors that intimidate, manipulate, humiliate, isolate, frighten, terrorize, coerce, threaten, blame, hurt, injure, or wound someone - More than a third of female murder victims were killed by a husband or boyfriend - Rape overlaps since some domestic violence involves sexual assault - When men are taught to denigrate women and feel a sense of entitlement toward them, domestic violence can be a result o State Violence Against Women - Governments are also implicated in violence against women by willfully ignoring sexual assault by failing to pass or enforce laws against it - During war, governments also organized systematic violence against women (Sexual slavery, prostitutes for soldiers) - Military groups have also used mass rape to terrorize civilian populations – soldiers often murder the rape victims afterward o Human Trafficking and Globalization - Criminal networks recruit, entrap, and transport individuals, against their will for either sexual exploitation or forced labor - Increased significantly as globalization made travel and immigration easier
- Criminals lure women/girls with the promise of legitimate jobs, but nearly 90% of them are forced into prostitution o Genital Cutting - Female genital cutting – umbrella term covering a variety of procedures that involve the partial or total removal of the external female genitalia - Cultures use the practice to encourage virginity until marriage and fidelity afterward others use it as initiation rite to adulthood and others believe it is hygienic and increases fertility - Male circumcision’s purpose differs significantly from female genital cutting has no effect on sexual functioning and helps reduce HIV - Human rights advocates consider genital cutting to be a form of organized violence against women, and some women from the cultures that condone it have organized to stop that practice - Sexuality o Sexuality – a person’s sexual desires, behaviors, and identity. Related to biologically based sex characteristics but also a social construction - Must consider biology and culture - Much more than biological reproduction o Biology, Culture, and Sexuality - Some condemn homosexuality as unnatural because it cannot result in conception - Bonobo Chimpanzees (Pygmy chimps) use sex as play, to mark an end to an argument, to help form friendship, to trade for food, and more. Sex for

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