○ 600,000 Pierce and Buchanan Viewing Guide ● What was the intent of the Kansas-Nebraska Act? ○ To open up thousands of new farms and make feasible a Midwestern Transcontinental Railroad ● What party did Lincoln help create? ○ The Republican Party ● What did Buchanan do when South Carolina secede? ○ James Buchanan, the United States president, declared the ordinance illegal but did not act to stop it Johnson and Grant Notes ● What was Reconstruction? ○ The process or period after the civil war of reestablishing the southern states in the union ● What was Lincoln’s primary goal for Reconstruction? ○ The goal, of President Lincoln and his supporters, was to rejoin all of the states to the Union and to help rebuild the "South" ● What was Congressional Reconstruction designed to do? ○ Congress denied representatives from the former Confederate states their Congressional seats, passed the Civil Rights Act of 1866, and wrote the 14th Amendment to the Constitution, extending citizenship rights to African Americans
and guaranteeing them equal protection of the laws. ● What were the black codes? ○ They were particularly concerned with controlling movement and labor, as slavery had given way to a free labor system. ● What group used terror and intimidation to prevent African Americans from voting? ○ The KKK ● What did the 13th Amendment do? ○ The 13th amendment abolished slavery in the United States ● What was the Freedmen’s Bureau? ○ To Help former black slaves and poor whites in the South in the aftermath of the U.S. Civil War ● What did the 14th Amendment do? ○ The amendment grants citizenship to "all persons born or naturalized in the United States" which included former slaves who had just been freed after the Civil War. ● What did the 15th Amendment do? ○ Granted African American men the right to vote ● Explain the Reconstruction Act of 1867. ○ The Reconstruction Acts of 1867 laid out the process for readmitting Southern states into the Union ● What were some of the problems of Reconstruction? ○ The status of former slaves was unknown, labor was still needed in place of slavery, etc. ● Explain the impeachment process. ○ House of Representatives can impeach the president of “high crimes and misdemeanors”. After a president is impeached, a trial is held in the Senate. Senators act as the jury and if of Senate find the president guilty, he is removed ⅔ from office. ● How many presidents have been impeached? Who were they? ○ 2; Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton ● After the war most freedmen worked in sharecropping. What was sharecropping? ○ When a landowner allows a tenant to use land in return for a share of their crops grown on the land West and the Railroad Notes: ● What was the Homestead Act? ○ Encouraged Western migration by providing settlers 160 acres of public land. In exchange, homesteaders paid a small filing fee and were required to complete five years of continuous residence before receiving ownership of the land ● What problems did the transcontinental railroad face?
- Fall '19
- American Civil War