Hot desk environment: you don’t have a desk, you’re always switching Unity Temple – FL Wright o Concrete for an ecclesiastical program Albert Kahn o Packard Company Building to assemble vehicles. Formally, the massing reads “office building” but the glazing suggests something different o Ford Engineering Lab Reminiscent of Notre Dame du Raincy
Translucent glass, walls cut away as much as possible. Spatial quality of this factory when silent and empty reminds us very much of a church May be appropriate when considering the centrality of industrialism to life Humble material applied to buildings that don’t even seem significant can be amazing 2/10/16 Exam Review Format: 10 short answer, 2 essay questions o Short answer: for each building, there will be a bonus question. Example: question might be “program?”, bonus might be “architect?” o Galerie des machines – Gothic revival o Hotel Tassel – Art Nouveau – Horta o Garnier – Opera House – Paris – Essay questions: look at two structure – know name of architect, building, location, and program. Then compare the two buildings and write three to five paragraphs 2/15/16 WWI/Rise of Communism/other traumatic events Spanish flu: global outbreak at the end of WWI – killed between 20-40 million. Deadliest plague since the middle ages; 1/5 of the world population was infected; especially deadly amongst 20-40 year olds o Average life span depressed by 10 years. Rapid deaths – die within hours o Profound shift in the way of representing the human form – change in the very notion. Emerging question of how to represent reality sincerely Trends in European art, a lot of anxiety and tension Early cinema – world transformed into a confusing place How to make sense of this Expressionists: glass. The architectural analog to crystal, which was admired because it would refract light. Germans: expressionism Feininger – crystal cathedral Glass Pavilion o Solve problems of society: live in a world with more glass o Sunlight considered a form of disinfectant; if you wanted to be healthy, live in a space with light and fresh air o A pavilion designed to highlight the ways glass can be used in architecture Glass bricks as an infill Ceiling and roof make of glass panels (seen before, Crystal Palace) Stairs could even be made of glass – everything suggested that we should live in a world of glass Alpine Architektur, City from the West – architecture as a corrective. Idealized cities of glass
o Why did they have so much faith in this particular material? Chemical Plant o Expressionism was not limited to crystalline architecture. It was also interested in architecture that spoke to a sense of myth, in the ways of caves and subterranean structures o During WWI, chemicals were a terrible thing (mustard/nerve gas) o Project with asymmetrical massing o Structure with an almost animal-like quality, windows read as eyes
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