markers other than genetic Biological aspect o Evidence is a bit stronger in

Markers other than genetic biological aspect o

This preview shows page 33 - 35 out of 44 pages.

markers other than genetic - Biological aspect o Evidence is a bit stronger in men in terms of a potential genetic predisposition o This is demonstrated with people who identify as being “exclusively homosexual” – have always been attracted to the same sex and never to the other sex; this is a very small percentage of people Sexual Orientation - Pre-Kinsey Dichotomous Model o Before the Kinsey model, in North America we believed that sexual orientation was either homosexual or heterosexual with nothing in between - Kinsey Sexual Orientation Scale (1948) – conceptual model o Ranking behaviour and “psychologic reactions” 0 – exclusively heterosexual with no homosexual 1 – predominantly heterosexual, only incidentally homosexual 2 – predominantly heterosexual, but more than incidentally homosexual 3 – equally heterosexual and homosexual 4 – predominantly homosexual, but more than incidentally heterosexual 5 – predominantly homosexual, only incidentally heterosexual 6 – exclusively homosexual o Asked people in terms of sexual behaviours – how many times have you had sexual contact with women/men o People tend to cluster at the ends, with most people being rated at 0 o Criticized for overrepresentation of gay and bi participants o Women have more variability on where they fall compared to men, men are more polarized - Storm’s Two-Dimensional model (1980) – conceptual model o Divide the conceptualization of homosexuality and heterosexuality – separate them so that people can located themselves between both continuums o High to low heteroeroticism VS homoeroticism - Klein’s Sexual Orientation Grid o Based on more than just sexual attraction or behaviour o Defined sexual orientation based on 7 components o Reminiscent of the Kinsey Scale o Variables: Sexual attraction Sexual behaviour
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Sexual fantasies Emotional preference Who do you open up to and confide in most? Social preference Who do you like to hangout with? Self-identification What that person says about themselves Hetero/gay lifestyle Gay lifestyle - Live in gay village, work in gay village, “all my friends are gay,” participate in community events Hetero lifestyle – no gay community involvement o Largest group identified – mostly hetero F&G #2 (based on research from 2017) o This model implies fluidity of sexuality o Grid doesn’t provide labels and acts more as a self-reflection Demonstrates diversity of combinations The only label would be under the self-identification variable o People live according to schemas in order to understand things and we don’t like to feel ambiguous as it makes us uncomfortable DIVERSITY OF SEXUAL ORIENTATION AND GENDER IDENTITY Guest Speaker: Joel Xavier LGBTQ Identity: Theory and Reflection History - First contact o Europeans import culturally specific binary notions of gender and impose them with
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