What were the thoughtsstatements about parks the lungs of the city develop the

What were the thoughtsstatements about parks the

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“Eloquent Orations” (p.252) What were the thoughts/statements about parks? “the lungs of the city” “develop the child physically, intellectually, and morally” Provide “rational enjoyment while encouraging “vigorous exercise” for “physical development and health” in the interest of national defence Provide opportunity to “grow character” “pay maple dividends in humanity by promoting the health and happiness of the people” (Markham-Starr, S. (2007). The Politics of Leisure. In R.M. McCarville, & K. MacKay (Eds.), Leisure for Canadians (pp.251-259). State College, PA: Venture.)
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Why Parks? Boosterism 1864 - Believed that parks would contribute to prosperity (specifically economic prosperity) by being attracted to “strangers” – gentlemen with skill and capital 1983 – City of Edmonton – equating parks and “the beautification” of downtown as important to attract people who are seeking quality of life
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Why Parks? Nineteenth Century “Parks and Pleasure Grounds” Often modelled after English Gardens “Recreation Use” part of the rationale for parks, however, “active use was discouraged”
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Why Parks? In the West Cities emulated cities of the east to attract settler and institutions The Great Depression has significant impact on prairie cities Reductions in city revenues that almost resulted in eliminating parks and recreation services However, parks and recreation services grew because of the recognized need “to provide leisure opportunities or work for the unemployed” (p.253) Example: BC Pro-Rec Movement, Federal Government “make-work” “relief project program” that cities utilized to build recreation and park facilities
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Why Parks? Federal Government “make-work” “relief project program” that cities utilized to build recreation and park facilities
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After the Depression and World War II “Baby Boom” Increased demand for recreation services in 1960s Increased awareness of physical environment (70s, 80s) North American Economic Recession Cutbacks in public sector services (80s and early 90s) Reductions in transfer grants from provincial to municipal levels of government Reductions in base-level services Increased fees to provide revenue to fund recreation services Downgrading of recreation and parks programs from municipal to local community volunteer groups without financial support
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Municipal Recreation & Vacation Schools National Women’s Council – national advocate for
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