The belief that private property and capitalism are

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The belief that private property and capitalism are not to be restricted has led to several social problems 1) Unfair competitions (monopolies, price fixing) 2) Profit > welfare of the consumer 3) Do whatever is profitable - neglect conservation of natural resources Values and Behavior Equality vs Injustice Civil liberties vs Government Control Individuals vs Conformity Cultural Diversity Ch 5: Socialization Introduction
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Socialization : process of learning cultural values, norms, and expectations Feral children : children alleged to have been raised by animals or in severe isolation The behavior that arises in the absence of human contact is not what we associate with human beings Example: Anna In addition to social contact, the second essential requirement for socialization is language - language is the vehicle through which socialization occurs The language of a society has profound effects on how individuals think and perceive the world Language symbolizes the values and norms of the society In sum, language is a powerful medium of socialization and through language, children absorb subtle messages regarding societal expectations The Personality as a Social Product To what extent are humans the products of nature vs nurture? While it is clear that we are all products of nature and nurture, in this section the emphasis is on the second process - human beings as a product of society We develop a sense of self (our personality) in interaction with other people Theories Charles H. Cooley: The Looking-Glass Self Cooley believed that children’s conceptions of themselves arise through interaction with other people He used the metaphor or a looking-glass self to convey the idea that all people understand themselves through the way in which other people act toward them Feedback the individual receives from other people is crucial Self-fulfilling prophecy - the individual is as defined by other people George Herbert Mead: Taking the Role of the Other Mead theorized about the relationship of self and society In essence, he believed that children find out who they are as they learn about society and society’s expectations This occurs in several important stages: Imitation: infants learn to distinguish between themselves and other from the actions of their parents Self-conscious: children are able to react to themselves as others will react to them The importance of this stage is that the children have internalized the feelings of other people Play: “taking the role of the other” Pretending to be a doctor, teacher, mother, etc. As they play at a variety of social roles, children act out the behavior associated with these social positions and thus develop a rudimentary understanding of adult roles and why people in those positions act the way they do Accomplishes 2 things: Provides further clues for children as to who they are
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