C) SimileD) MetaphorE) Litotes28)Answers to Final Exercise.1) C - Metonymy. Gates of Hades is most likely to mean "the power of death." See also Job 17:16; 38:17;Psalm 9:13; 107:18; Isa. 38:10. D.A. Carson, "Matthew," F.E. Gæbelein, gen. ed., The Expositor's BibleCommentary, Vol. 7. (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1984), 370.2) E - A), B) & C) above. Hyperbole. Bruce, 131: "...when Jesus said he had come to bring 'not peace buta sword', he meant that this would be the effect of his coming, not that it was the purpose of his coming.His words came true in the life of the early Church, and they have verified themselves subsequently in thehistory of Christian missions. Where one or two members of a family or other social group have acceptedthe Christian faith, this has frequently provoked opposition from other members." It is also an antithesisbecause it contrasts "peace on earth" with "a sword" ."Sword" stands as a metonymy for "conflict".3) D - Simile. The scattering of the kings was like snow falling on a mountain.4) E - Hyperbole. Some have seen in this verse evidence to support the belief that sin is passed downthrough the family line, or that David's birth was illegitimate. All of these meanings are read into thePsalm, not out of it. See Fee & Stuart, 190.5) B - Metaphor. God is not a big chicken, but his protection is pictured here as being like that enjoyed bya nestling.6) D - Personification.7) B - Irony. Irony here is in the form of biting sarcasm.8) C - Merismus. The context here rules out any kind of localised flooding. Noah's flood was a world-wideevent.9) E - Litotes. Paul denigrates himself in order to magnify God's grace.10) A - Synecdoche. The Lord's hand stands for all of God's activity.11) B - Eponymy.12) A - Simile.13) D - Apostrophe.14) E) - Ellipsis.