In 64 CE Nero enacted the mass execution of Christians including Peter and Paul

In 64 ce nero enacted the mass execution of

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In 64 CE, Nero enacted the mass execution of Christians (including Peter and Paul) Stoic Christian deaths remind Romans of the old writings of Cicero Judaism and the Roman Empire Long, complicated relationship The Romans respected the Jewish people as an ancient people Jews had some autonomy until the Jewish rebellion The Conversion of the Roman Empire In 249, Decius becomes Emperor, declares that Christians are the reason for suffering and that the old gods are showing their wrath Outbreaks of disease Tribes push downward along the Rhine and Danube Crop failures lead to food shortages Thousands of Christians are slaughtered, land is taken Ends with the death of Decius in 251 In the 280’s, the Roman Empire is on the brink of collapse
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In 284, Diocletian takes power and revives the Empire Tries to stabilize populations Is unsuccessful Asks upper class members to take fiscal responsibility over cities of the Empire Many refuse the requests of Diocletian Gives control of borders to strong men Introduces the Tetrarchy- a 4 part division of the Empire 2 Augusti- Emperors 2 Caesars- second to the Augustus Launches a new campaign against Christians Diocletian, Galerius, and Maximilian are heavily anti-Christian, but Constantius is light-handed when it comes to Christian punishment In 305, Diocletian retires and becomes a farmer As Diocletian and Maximian step down, Constantius and Galerius take their place In 311, Galerius is dying of a terrible disease and as a last resort appeals to the Christian God by issuing the edict of toleration for Christians. Galerius dies, and the Empire plunges into chaos When Constantius dies, the soldier acclaim his son Constantine the Augustus in the west, but Galerius says that Licinius is the Augustus (nominally) and Constantine can be the Caesar Maxentius, son of Maximilian, takes over Rome Constantine marries the sister of Maxentius, Flavius Wednesday, September 16th, 2015 In the Empire, less than 10% of the population was Christian, most of whom were concentrated in the east (not Constantine’s territory) Monday, September 21st, 2015 I. Germanic Invasions/Migrations A. Background B. Visigoths and Battle of Adrianople a. Hinges on Theodosius II, until he died b. In 410, Rome is sacked by the Visigoths, an unforeseen and unprecedented defeat c. Lead by Alric d. Pushed into Spain, creating an amazing kingdom that lasts until the early 700’s until conquered by the Arab Muslims C. Ostrogoths and Theodoric a. Eventually fall under the rule of the Huns b. After the death of Attila the Hun, the Huns retreat and the Ostrogoths become somewhat hostage of the Byzantine-Roman Empire c. When Theodoric takes power, he wants to transform the Ostrogothic Empire
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d. When Odoacer takes control of the west of the Empire in 476, the last emperor takes control, he also become annoying to emperor Zeno e. Zeno gives Theodoric Italy if he can overthrow Odoacer D. Vandals a. Sacked rome b. Were cleared out by Justinian E. Angles, Saxons and Jutes a.
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