country in which armed groups are still active are mainly in the Ituri district

Country in which armed groups are still active are

This preview shows page 4 - 5 out of 14 pages.

country in which armed groups are still active are mainly in the Ituri district, the provinces of North and South Kivu and North Katanga. The Security council’s report on the situation in Congo in November 2008 stressed that there were decreases in the number of alleged violations against children in the period between June 2007 to September 2008, but still indicated that children are still the primary victims of the ongoing conflict in affected areas due to the continued recruitment and use of children by armed forces and groups, particularly in connection with outbreaks of hostilities in the above areas. The 2009 report of the Secretary General to the Security Council issued on 26 March 2009 cites the following parties as responsible for child recruitment and the use of children during the time of report: Congrès national pour la defense du peuple (CNDP) which was formerly led by Laurent Nkunda and currently by Bosco Ntaganda, Forces armées de la République démocratique du Congo (FARDC), Forces démocratiques de libération du Rwanda (FDLR), Forces démocratiques de libération du Rwanda (FDLR), Front nationaliste et integrationaliste (FNI), the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA), and Mai-Mai groups in North and South Kivu, including PARECO ii . In most cases in the Congo, the recruitment of children is directly related to active conflict, with the new outbreaks of hostilities typically resulting in higher trends in child recruitment. According to the Secretary General’s report to the Security Council, the recruitment of children fluctuated throughout the reporting period with significant disparities across regions. For instance, child recruitment intensified at the end of 2007 and since September 2008 as fighting between FARDC and CNDP forces escalated, with some spillover effect into South Kivu. He contended again that reports of new recruitment equally resurfaced in the Ituri district, coinciding with heightened activities by splinter groups of the FNI and FRPI militia groups and FPJC. It is estimated that at least 3,500 children remain in armed groups iii . He reiterated that more than 31,000 children have been released since 2004, and on the basis of documented cases of children released during the reporting period, Mai-Mai group accounted for the highest number of children in their ranks, followed by CNDP. Although it was reported that FARDC had stopped recruiting children, documented cases indicated that children are still present, especially in the non-integrated brigades as a result of the mixage ( Nkunda’s rebel forces, the National Congress for the Defense of the People, (CNDP) were to be integrated into the Congolese armed forces (FARDC) process in early 2007. iv Widespread incidents of rape and other sexual violence against girls and boys remain of critical concern. The dangers faced by civilians are “disproportionately higher than ever before in the history of warfare. Thousands of girls are being subjected to rape and other forms of sexual violence and exploitation” v . Among the cases
Image of page 4
Image of page 5

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 14 pages?

  • Summer '16
  • Ramon Wawire
  • United Nations , Democratic Republic of the Congo

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors