DSST Fundamentals of counseling

Multicultural counseling and therapy is a meta-theory

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Unformatted text preview: Multicultural Counseling and Therapy is a Meta-theory that offers a theory about the different counseling theories. Multicultural Counseling and Therapy offers a new framework within which to work and counsel. It recognizes the Western world’s theories as neither good nor bad but simply as a collection of ideas that represent different worldviews. The Afro centric worldview is holistic, interdependent, and oriented toward collective survival. When doing therapy with African Americans or those of African or Caribbean descent it is imperative to remember that this collectivism is at the core of who they are and how they view the world. The Afro centric view also places a great deal of respect with elderly persons and focuses on harmony and cooperation. The Euro centric worldview divides the world into knowable parts, handling emotions carefully and focusing on self- actualization and independence . Most of the traditional counseling theories emphasize these same values and use them to set goals for treatment. The Euro centric view is not right or wrong it just needs to be understood and not imposed on people with different cultural viewpoints. The Multicultural Counseling and Therapy approach recognizes that the external reality is sometimes more important to a client that his or her internal reality. Many traditional therapies focus on internal realities (rational emotive, cognitive) but with a cultural perspective the counselor sees the importance of the external environment on how a person thinks, feels, and behaves. Racial and sexual discrimination are two examples of where the external environment plays a leading role in a person’s reality over and above how the person may feel or think inside. As in any situation or therapy, it is critical that you do not stereotype a client. Just because a person belongs to a particular cultural group does not mean he or she prescribes to the general notions and ideals of that culture. It is important to understand each individual client from a cultural perspective by asking questions and gaining background information to determine their belief systems, values, morals, etc… The ultimate goal of Multicultural Counseling and Therapy is to expand the repertoire of helping responses regardless of theoretical orientation. The overall effectiveness of counseling depends on the whether or not the techniques, strategies and goals were congruent with the client’s life and cultural experiences. No single approach will work in every situation so the Multicultural Counselor and Therapist will mix and match as needed. Bi-culturality is the state of feeling connectedness to two different cultures. Most people in North America consider themselves at least bicultural and perhaps tri or quadra-cultural. The ability to associate with more than one culture is usually a positive influence but it can create difficulties if the individual feels torn between the different cultures....
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Multicultural Counseling and Therapy is a Meta-theory that...

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