guaranteed the right of male citizens to vote regardless of their race women were not included.3rdcivil rights amendmentExcluded women (made women’s rights activists very mad)National Woman Suffrage Association: formed by an outraged Susan B Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton to achieve the goal of woman’s suffrage and other women’s rightsSusan B Anthony: 19thcentury feminist, suffragist, and founder of the National Woman Suffrage Association with Elizabeth Cady Stanton; later formed the National American Woman Suffrage Association, which along
with the National Woman’s Party helped to ensure ratification of the 19thamend (women’s right to vote)Civil Rights, Congress, and the Supreme CourtCivil Rights Act of 1875Equal access to public accommodations (theatres, restaurants, etc)Prohibited the exclusion of African Americans from jury serviceWas weakened in 1877 when reconstruction ended and federal troops pulled out of the South.Jim Crow laws: laws enacted by southern states that regulated segregation in public schools, theatres, hotels, and other public accommodations. Miscegenation laws: barred interracial marriage3 ways to exclude African Americans from voting: side step 15thamend (before 1890s)Poll taxes: tax that had to be paid prior to voting; way to exclude African American sharecroppers due to being poorProperty-owing qualificationsLiteracy testsCivil Rights Cases(1883): Name attached to 5 separate cases brought under the Civil Rights Actof 1875 by private individuals found to have violated the Civil Rights Act by refusing to extend accommodations; the court ruled that Congress could prohibit only state or governmental action, but not private acts of discriminationGrandfather clause: voter qualification provision in many southern states that allowed only those citizens whose grandfathers had voted before Reconstruction to vote unless they passed a wealth or literacy test; this effectively denied the descendants of slaves the right to vote5.2 The Push for Equality, 1890-1954Progressive Era(1890-1920): period of widespread activism to reform political, economic, economic, and social affairs/illsPlessy v Ferguson (1896): separate-but-equal accommodations are constitutional and do not violate the 14thamend Equal Protection Clause; this case gave new legal avenues to discriminationSeparate-but-equal: central tenant of the Plessy decision that claimed that separate accommodations for blacks and whites did not violate the Const; used by southern states to pass widespread discriminatory legislation at the end of the 19thcenturyThe Founding of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)Race riotsProgressive reformers worried such riots would get worse.
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- Fall '17
- Alicia Andreatta
- Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution