This preview shows page 751 - 755 out of 782 pages.
As I write, fire engines roar, whistles blow, church bellsring.This morning there was a salute of a hundred guns.I spoke to a throng in front of the White House. Thenewspapers will carry my words but I also add them here,thinking to improve the text.Mary is ill...all very unreal.An end like a beginning can have a bitter edge.Let us think as brothers. The great rebellion, which wehave endured together, must be forgotten. Now, starting atonce, each state must be granted full privileges of the Unionas soon as state governments can organize and as soon as10% of its citizens have taken the oath of allegiance. It is ournational goal to offer clemency and pardon as we attainpeace, peace for our democracy. I will at once lift the navalblockade. I will urge Congress to appropriate $400,000,000to assist the South in its economic recovery. Ours is no724
LINCOLN’SJOURNALlonger a nation within a nation; ours is a victory for allmankind.725
VOICESFROMTHEPASTApril 10, 1865EveningBeautiful sunsetNow that the war is over, Grant thinks we can reduce armyexpenditures by at least a half a million per day. We canreduce navy costs at the same time; this will bring down ournational debt to something like normal proportions.I am cheered by such prospects.Peace is ahead and I will be exploring its possibilitiesintensively. It will be a pleasure to convene a cabinetmeeting, to discuss economic changes, foreign relations,amnesty, rail expansion, and state laws. I find a newamicability in senate and house.In another two or three months it may be possible to havea week or so in the Adirondacks, the three of us.The White HouseSunday—lateMany have come to congratulate me on the cessation ofthe war, warm praise now that the union is preserved.Telegrams flood the telegraph office. Boys are always seekingme out, with their hands full of messages. I read newspaperswith pleasure. Letters are piling up on my desk; mysecretaries are complaining happily.Everyone in Washington is celebrating. There are partiesin homes, in churches, schools, hospitals and publicbuildings. The White House has scheduled a gala. I amhappier than I have been in years.I look forward to attending a play at Ford’s Theatre. I amtold that it is a play full of puns. I am in a mood forsomething light.I am also told that we are having corn bread at supper.726
LINCOLN’SJOURNALNote—Estimates: North – 360,000 killed inactionSouth —260,000 killed inactionThe White HouseApril 14, 1865—rain—Mary invited Laura Keene, the British actress, to tea. Sheis in her forties—rather pretty. Dressed in dark green velvetshe suggested something of quality in the theatre. She hasher own playhouse in New York City. Her talk was mostlyabout her acting days in London where she produced andacted in foreign and American plays.