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DSST Criminal Justice

Drawback is that not all crimes are reported and

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Drawback is that not all crimes are reported and certain crimes are victimless a.ii. NCVS does not validate the victim version of events (also drawback) b. Between UCR and NCVS – most experts prefer the NCVS, believe that self-reporting is more accurate than police reports 199. Crime Index – summarizes the measurements of 8 major offences a.i. Murder, Forcible rape, Robbery a.ii. Aggravated assaults, Burglary, Larceny-theft a.iii. Motor vehicle theft , Arson b. Crimes against a Person – called “Headline Crimes” – due to ability to create public fear b.i. Murder and non-negligent manslaughter b.ii. Forcible rape b.iii. Robbery b.iv. Aggravated assaults 200. FBI Crime Clock – a picture of crime frequency in the US created by using the UCR statistics a. Differentiates between violent crimes (murder and rape) and property crime (burglary and arson) 201. Clearance Rate – term used in the UCR to measure and compare the rate of reported crime that result in arrests a. In 1997, only 22 percent of index crimes were cleared by arrest 202. Crime Awareness and Campus Security Act 1990- requires college campuses to publish annual security reports – usually shared with the FBI 203. Human and Social Cost of Crime – not measured, loss of security and reduced quality of life are not measured 204. Dark Figure of crime – term by criminologist to describe unreported or undiscovered crime 205. Adjudication – the judicial decision terminating a criminal proceeding by a judgment of conviction, acquittal, or by a dismissal of the case 206. Rate of Recidivism – or the repetition of criminal behavior a. Measures criminals that have been released within the last 3yrs and return 207. Sex Ratio of Killing –(SROK) - the number of homicides committed by women for every 100 homicides committed by men, steadily rising 208. Disparity – the divergence in treatment of offenders of the same crime with no evident reason for the difference a. Differences in treatment based solely on the background of the accused 209. Over 30% of misdemeanor arrests are directly related to alcohol 210. America’s crime rate is alarmingly high compared to other countries 211. Blacks are involved in more murder cases than any other race, 47% victims and 51% offenders a. Males under the age of 25yrs 212. Women accounted for 23% of all arrests made in 2002 213. 50% of Federal Prisons and 30% of state prisons have inmates with drug violations 214. Child Sexual Abuse – most underreported, and of those that are reported 90% are not prosecuted 215. Delinquency – is the failure to do what the law or duty requires
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216. Age of Onset – the age at which a juvenile first exhibits delinquent behavior a. The earlier the age the more likely that person will be a career criminal 217. Sealing – the practice of withholding juvenile records from police, prosecutors and judges a. Intended to give juvenile offenders a chance to reform 218. Decriminalization – the attempt to delete from juvenile law behaviors which are more deviant than illegal 219. Gang Activity – between 1988-1997 juvenile related gang crime increased 49%
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Drawback is that not all crimes are reported and certain...

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