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Novel 2nd of 5-part series called "Leather-Stocking Tales" Cooper's stories of Hawkeye raised Am frontier experience to epic proportions, celebrated Am character as brave, self-reliant, egalitarianRalph Waldo Emerson – American transcendentalist who was against slavery and stressed self-reliance, optimism, self-improvement, self-confidence, and freedom. He was a prime example of a transcendentalistand helped further the movement. Served as a Unitarian minister; taught transcendentalismNathaniel Hawthorne – Lived at Brook Farm for a short time; wrote the"Blithedale Romance" which poked fun at the Book Farm experiment. Wrote The Scarlett Letter.Johnson Jones Hooper** – Johnson Jones (Jonce) Hooper was an Alabama writer who penned The Adventures of Captain Simon Suggs, a not-so flattering parody of the patriarch of a prominent Tallapoosa County, Alabama family. The character Captain Simon Suggs was a con man who occasionally preached, often bootlegged whiskey and most frequently cheated his fellow man. Perhaps Captain Suggs’ credo sums up his character, “It pays to be shifty in new country.” Aside from the character he created, Hooper’s greatest gift was his ability to write in dialect. Hooper’s writings had an important influence on Mark Twain.Knickerbocker Group – group in New York that wrote literature and enabled America to boast for the first time of a literature that matched its magnificent landscapes
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow –The most popular American poet of the 19th centuryHerman Melville – Wrote Moby Dick.Robert Owen – Robert Owen was a wealthy and idealistic Scottish textile manufacturer. He sought to better the human race and set up a communal society in 1825. There were about a thousand persons at New Harmony, Indiana. The enterprise was not a success.Edgar Allen Poe –The first major American literary critic and a major American fictionHenry David Thoreau – Henry David Thoreau was a famous American transcendentalist who turned to the environment for inspiration. Thoreau built a cabin at Walden Pond and lived there alone for two years. In 1854 Thoreau published his book, Walden, which was about his time spent living in isolation and his different feelings on society. CULTURAL.Walt Whitman – Walt Whitman was transcendentalist poet who was very inspired by Emerson. Whitman published "Leaves of Grass" in 1855, which he revised throughout his life. CULTURAL.***Reform Movements
Abolition – National Woman Suffrage Association – This was an American women's rights organization formed in May 1890 as a unification of the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA) and the American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA). The NAWSA continued the work of both associations by becoming the parent organization of hundreds ofsmaller local and state groups, and by helping to pass woman suffrage legislation at the state and local level.