Tf about 30 of the time prostate cancer shows

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26. T/F: About 30% of the time prostate cancer shows signs/symptoms. TRUE 27. What are the risk factors for prostate cancer? The risk factors for prostate cancer include: age, race/ethnicity, geography, family history, diet, obesity, and smoking. 28. How do the features of BPH differ from prostate cancer? BPH and prostate cancer are both growths in the prostate, but prostate cancer can often be asymptomatic while BPH can result in trouble urinating and hypertrophy/hyperplasia. BPH is also benign and won’t spread to other areas, while prostate cancer is metastatic. Prostate cancer is most often detected by a PSA test or digital rectal exam. 29. Which signs/symptoms are seen in BPH? 30. How is the Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome formed? How do the features of leukemia differ from multiple myeloma? The Philadelphia chromosome is formed when the bottom half of chromosome 9 and the top half of chromosome 22 break off and unite to form a changed chromosome. Multiple myeloma involves plasma cells within the bone marrow but cell proliferation is confined to the bone marrow and organ infiltration
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is unusual. Leukemia is usually characterized by an outpouring of plasma cells into the bloodstream, which is uncommon in multiple myeloma. Multiple myeloma leads to spontaneous fractures, pain, and disability.
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