MBA-MGMT 672 -TOM_UNIT_5_TO_8-block02 - Copy - Copy.doc

Mass production manufacture of discrete parts or

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Mass production: Manufacture of discrete parts or assemblies using a continuous process are called Mass production. This production system is justified by very large volume of production. The machines are arranged in a line or product layout. Product and process standardizations exist and all outputs follow the same path. 7.12 Further Reading 1. Grant lreson (1952). Factory Planning & Plant Layout, Prentice Hall. 2. Muther R (1955). Practical Plant Layout. McGraw Hill. 3. Moore James M (l962);plant Layout & Design, MacMiIlan. 4. Wild R (1972).Mass Production Management, Wiley. 5. Francis RL& White JA (1974), Facility Layout and Location – An Analytical Approach , prentice hall 6. Apple J M (1477), plant Layout & Material Handling. Ronald Press. 7. Tompkins J A (1984), Facilities Planning, John Whey X While J A. 8. Sule. D R (1988) , manufacturing Facilities – Location planning & Design P.W S Kent 9. Stevenson. W J (1990), production operation Management , R D Irwin MGMT 672 - TOM-MBA (MANAGEMENT) & MBA (FINANCE) 37
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Technology & Operations Management (TOM) Block 2 Layout, Facilities & Capacity Planning 8.1 Introduction This chapter presents Work Systems Design, which forms one important aspect of design of production/operations systems. Work Systems Design involves: (i) job design, (ii) work measurement and (iii) worker compensation. Work design is closely related to other design decisions. Product Design determines the type of activities the worker will be involved with. Facilities Planning decisions affect Work Design: for example. Process layout requires broader job content than product layout. Work Design forms one of the earliest areas of Operations Management. Initially it was viewed in the form of Scientific Management developed by F. W. Taylor. In recent years research in Work Design has developed in other directions. For example, the jobs which are expected to increase productivity are the ones which create considerable job dissatisfaction thereby creating sonic sort of dilemma for job designers. In view of the above facts, let's discuss first about the job design followed by work' measurement Objectives: After studying this unit, you should be able to: identify the importance of job design and job standards in relation to organisational objectives discuss about the traditional Engineering techniques and some behavioural approaches as job rotation, enlargement and enrichment to enhance productivity and satisfaction describe the work measurement techniques for determining the time standard for a job which is useful for costing, manpower planning, scheduling, incentives. 8.2 Job Design Job Design is concerned with specifying the contents and methods of job. The objective of job design is to develop a work system which is productive and efficient. In reality, Job Design answers the questions: who will do the job, how the job will be done and where the job mill be done.
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