the workers who are taking melatonin for insomnia versus those who are taking placebo. 295 workers were selected. The subjects were split into two random groups and one group was given Melatonin and the other the placebo. The results revealed the individuals that received Melatonin claimed better efficiency falling asleep and staying asleep than those who received placebo concluding a positive correlation in its use and sleep quality (Sadeghniiat-Haghighi, 2016). Some of the more common adverse side effects of Melatonin can be daytime drowsiness, headache, dizziness and nausea. In my opinion, the most harmful effects of Melatonin is its interaction with common vital medications such as anticoagulants, anticonvulsants, contraceptives and oral diabetes medications (Yarnell, 2015). Melatonin does have a concerning downside. Prolonged use can actually make insomnia worse and the recommended dosage is 0.3 to 1mg but many stores sell it in 3mg, 5mg and even 10mg dosages. Having too much can upset the body’s natural rhythms (Syam, 2015). And what I found most concerning was that according
to Michael Gander, a sleep researcher at the University of Pennsylvania, it can affect puberty, disrupt menstrual cycles and impede normal hormonal development in children” (2015). Therefore, as an APN we have to be diligent in exploring all medications the patient is taking. Patients do not usually reveal all of the OTC medication they take due to them not feeling
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- Summer '16
- Pharmacology, Circadian rhythm