Korea Between China and Japan A Introduction 1 Most profoundly influenced for

Korea between china and japan a introduction 1 most

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IV. Korea: Between China and JapanA. Introduction1. Most profoundly influenced, for longesta. Extension of mainlandb. Dwarfed by neighborc. Ruled by indigenous dynasties2. Peoples before – hunting and herding peoplesa. Colonized by Chinese settlersb. Koguryo tribe resisted Chinese rule – Signification…but…1. variants of Buddhism2. Chinese writing – tough to be adapted3. unified law code4. established universities5. tried to implement Chinese-style bureaucracy1. Noble families don’t allow3. Divided into three parts during Three Kingdomsa. Koguryob. Paekchec. SillaB. Tang Alliances and the Conquest of Korea1. Three kingdoms weakened – Koguryo warriors hurt Tang2. China striking alliance – Silla in southeast – became tributea. tribute paymentsb. submission as vassalc. Chinese withdraw armies in 668C. Sinification: The Tributary Link1. Tribute systema. Send embassiesb. Must kowtow – ritual bows – prostate self2. Benefits of tribute systema. Continued peaceb. Access to Chinese learning, art, manufactured goodsc. Merchants went with emissariesd. Scholars study at Chinese academies3. *** Became major channel of trade/cultural exchangeD. The Sinification of Korean Elite Culture1. Aristocrats
a. studied in Chinese schools – some took tests1. but family connections still more important than test scoresb. artistic pursuits/entertainmentc. favor Buddhism over Confucianism2. Arta. Artwork/monastic designs reproduced Chinese Buddhist workb. Outdid teachers for pottery1. porcelain/ black stonewareE. Civilization for the Few1. Elite attracted to luxury goods2. Korea exported raw materialsa. forest products and copper3. Beneath elite classa. purpose servicing elitesb. government workersc. commonersd. near-slaves – “low born” – like mean peopleF. Koryo Collapse, Dynastic Renewal1. After common people tired of being repressed2. Yi dynasty established 1392 – ruled until 1910a. Restored aristocratic dominanceV. Between China and Southeast Asia: The Making of VietnamA. Introduction1. Vietnam – rice-growing area2. Viets not as accepting of Chinese influencea. farther awayb. resilient culturec. seen as distinct people – fear of losing identity3. Already received benefits from Chinaa. technologyb. market for their ivory, tortoise shells, pearls, peacock feathers, aromatic woods, exotic products from sea/forest

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