C ingroupoutgroup bias d self fulfilling prophecy ans

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c. ingroup/outgroup bias. d. self-fulfilling prophecy. ANS: B DIF: Easy OBJ: 11.1c MSC: Remembering NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 8. Attributions about other people’s behavior can vary on each of the following dimensions EXCEPT a. personal or situational b. permanent or temporary c. controllable or uncontrollable d. primary or secondary ANS: D DIF: Moderate OBJ: 11.1c MSC: Remembering NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 9. The main reason that people make attributions that reflect the just world hypothesis is that these explanations a. increase their self-esteem. b. make them feel safer. c. reduce discrimination. d. make them feel empathy. ANS: B DIF: Moderate OBJ: 11.1c MSC: Remembering NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 10. Dirk failed his driver’s license exam. Dirk is very confident about his driving abilities and has high self-esteem. Dirk will most likely explain his failure by saying that he a. did not practice driving enough. b. did not study the driver’s manual very well. c. does not have good spatial or navigational skills. d. could not see well because it was raining. ANS: D DIF: Moderate OBJ: 11.1c MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology
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11. In explaining other people’s behaviors, people from Western cultures tend to emphasize __________ factors and people from Eastern cultures tend to emphasize __________ factors. a. personal and situational; personal b. personal and situational; situational c. personal; personal and situational d. situational; personal and situational ANS: C DIF: Moderate OBJ: 11.1c MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 3, Ethical and Social Responsibility in a Diverse World 12. Linda has a stereotype about how a car mechanic behaves. The main advantage of her belief is that it __________. The main disadvantage is that it __________. a. is a mental shortcut; can be changed too easily b. identifies critical information; is a mental shortcut c. is basically accurate; is not very detailed d. allows for rapid processing; can lead to errors ANS: D DIF: Moderate OBJ: 11.1c MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 13. Larry says “I forgot milk at the grocery store because I was thinking about picking my daughter up from school.” When Larry’s wife forgets to buy milk he says “She forgot milk at the store because she’s an airhead.” This is an example of the a. actor/observer bias. b. fundamental attribution error. c. ingroup/outgroup bias. d. just world hypothesis. ANS: A DIF: Easy OBJ: 11.1c MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 14. While driving, a car pulls out in front of you and forces you to slam on the brakes. You think to yourself that the driver of that car cannot drive. You have just made a __________ attribution for the other driver’s behavior.
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