Federal court system pg 24 article iii of the us

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Federal court systempg 24Article III of the US Constitutionprovidesthat the Federal government’s judicial power is vested in one“SupremeCourt.”Article III also authorizes congress to establishinferiorfederalcourts. Congress has also established theU.S. District courts, the U.S.courts of appeals, and the U.S. bankruptcy courts.Federal judges ofthe U.S. Supreme court, U.S. courts of appeals, and the U.S. district courtsare appointed for life by the president w/advice and consent of senate.Judges of other courts are appointed for various times (bankruptcy 14 yr.terms).Special Federal Courts-U.S. District Courtsthe federal system’s trial courts ofgeneraljurisdiction.There is at least 1 federal district court in each state and theDistrict of Columbia, and heavily populated states have more than 1 districtcourt. The geographical area served by each court is referred to as adistrict.They are empowered to empanel juries, receive evidence, heartestimony, and decide cases.U.S. Courts of Appealsthe federal court system’s intermediate appellatecourts. There are 13 circuits in the federal court system and the first 12 aregeographical. 11 are designated by numbers, such as First Circuit, SecondCircuit etc. The geographical area served by each court is referred to as a
circuit.The 12thcircuit court, located in Washington D.C., is called theDistrict of Columbia circuit.Congress created the 13thcourt of appeals in 1982. It is called theCourtof Appeals for the Federal Circuitand is located in Washington D.C. Thiscourt has special appellate jurisdiction to review the decisions of the Court ofFederal Claims, the Patent and Trademark Office, and the Court ofInternational Trade. This court was created to provide uniformity in theapplication of federal law in certain areas, especially patent law. A 3-judgepanel usually hears appeals and after the 3-judge panel renders a decision, apetitioner can request anen bane review.Supreme Court of the United Statespg 26 – the highest court in theland. It is also called theU.S. Supreme Courtand is located in WashingtonD.C. It is composed of 9 justices who are nominated by the president andconfirmed by the senate. The president appoints 1 justice theChief Justiceof the U.S. Supreme Courtwho is responsible for the administration of theSupreme Court. The other 8 justices areAssociate Justices of the U.S.Supreme.Jurisdiction of the U.S. Supreme Courtpg 26-27 – The Supreme Court,which is an appellate court, hears appeals from federal circuit courts ofappeals, and under certain circumstances, from federal district courts,special federal courts, and the highest state courts. No new evidence ortestimony is heard. The Supreme Court’s decision is final.Decisions of the U.S. Supreme Courta petitioner must file apetitionfor certiorari,asking the Supreme Court to hear the case. If the courtdecides to review a case, it issues awrit of certiorari.The court issues onlyabout 100 opinions a year and writs are usually only granted in casesinvolving constitutional and other important issues.The Supreme Court can issue several types of decisions:Unanimous Decision

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Term
Fall
Professor
Little
Tags
Supreme Court of the United States, Appellate court, Trial court, United States federal courts, State supreme court

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