Student Training Session D Basic Security and Injury Prevention

Climbing see figure 3c wear non slip shoes for jobs

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--climbing (see Figure 3c) Wear non-slip shoes for jobs requiring climbing. Keep toes turned out for extra stability. Try to reach between shoulder and waist level. Try to avoid far and overhead reaching. When reaching below waist level, bend at the knees versus the back. Reach with both arms instead of one arm. --gripping It may seem natural to grip and carry a item of substantial weight-- (see Figure 5a,b) such as a book--by pinching it between fingers and thumb, but it is easier on the body to take a book using both hands and carry it down at the side--hand/fingers curved under and around book in a hook position Basic Securitv & lnitrrv Prevcntion Trainee Ili~ndout. Rev. 5/00 5
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Session D Basic Security and injury Prevention Summary of Do's and Don'ts: Proper body mechanics DO -think, plan, before physically working -warm-up 2-3 minutes -place stool close to the bookshelf, reach between shoulder and waist level -bend your legs to reach below waist level -use both arms while reaching -use foot placement for turning -use neutral position of the wrists (see handout) -use hand grip in hook position (see handout) -push cart with books within your pushing ability DON'T -start without any preparation -push heavy carts without a brief warm up period -reach far, or overhead for heavy books -bend your back to reach below waist level -twist or turn with lower back!! -bend your wrists too much forwards or backwards -refined grip or wide grip with one hand -push with shoulders only -no pulling -overload the cart.
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Session D Basic Security and Injury Prevention Source: Yokich, S. P., Pestillo, P. J.: The UAW-FORD JOB IMPROVEMENT GUIDE, UAW- Ford National Joint Committee on Health and Safety, 1988. YES YES
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Session D Basic Security and Injury Prevention Knowing the risk factors can help you stop injury. For the back and arms especially, take note of the following risk factors: problems - twistinglturning Back: risks - poor body mechanics while liftinglcanying, pushing/pulling - staying too long in one posture (sitting, forward bending) - vibration - smoking Arms: risks - excessive force - repetitive movements - mechanical stress - using pinching action Identify problems involving the equipment or your environment. Environment & Note where these problems cause physical stress. Take note of equipment material objects, tools or areas that impede your work or strain your body. E.g.: A surface which is unleveled, such as an elevator surface not in alignment with the hallway surface, can jar the body. Maintenance may be able to adjust the elevator. Maintenance can also level off edges under doors. Old or malfunctioning equipment or tool, like a stapler, can cause stress on the part of the body straining to compensate for the work the equipment should do easily. Report problem, replace equipment.
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