94 New Amsterdam Grew up around the fort and became the capital of New

94 new amsterdam grew up around the fort and became

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94. New Amsterdam – Grew up around the fort and became the capital of New Netherland. It developed into a commercial powerhouse. It was the most ethnically diverse colonel cities. Its residents included Swedes, Norwegians, Spaniards, Sephardic, Jews, free blacks, English, Germans, Finns and Dutch. 95. New Sweden – 1638 A short lived colony in Wilmington, Delaware taken over by the Dutch. The chief contribution was the idea of log cabins which they brought from the woods of Scandinavia. 96. beaver hats – These hats were a great demand in Europe. Due to this the French and Dutch were mainly interested in the fur trade rather than agricultural settlements. 97. League of the Iroquois – also called Iroquois Confederacy – Formed in the 1600s in the interior of New York, am alliance so strong that the outnumbered Dutch, and later English traders were forced to work with the Indians in the beaver trade. It consisted of about 50 chiefs that governed 12,000 members. The chiefs made the decisions for all the villages and mediated tribal rivalries and dissention within the confederacy. 98. Middle Colonies - New York, New Jersey, Delaware, and Pennsylvania. They were called this because of their relative location between the New England Colonies and southern settlements in Virginia. Whereas much of the South and North were settled by British citizens, the middle colonies received immigrants from Germany as well. C. New Jersey – 1676 99. Lord John Berkeley – Shortly after the conquest of New Netherlands, James II, Duke of York granted his lands between the Hudson and Delaware Rivers to Sir George Carteret and Lord John Berkeley. He was the brother of Virginia’s governor. 100. Sir George Carteret – was the other owner of the land of New Jersey given to him by Lord John Berkeley. The territory was named for his native Jersey, an island in the English Channel. New Jersey was divided and he took the east. He later sold out to a group of 12 including William Penn 101. James, Duke of York – New king after his brother King Charles II died, who was the first Catholic sovereign since the death of Queen Mary in 1558. He proposed to consolidate the New England colonies into a royal colony called the Dominion of New England. He assigned a new governor, Sir Edmund Andros, to take control. The
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new governor set up new government, levied taxes, and took over the Puritan church in Boston to begin using it for Anglican services. D. Pennsylvania – 1680 102. William Penn - Received land from King Charles II as payment for debt owed to his father. He established Pennsylvania, a religious colony for Quakers. 103. Quakers – They got this names in ridicule as they were supposed to “tremble at the word of the Lord”. George Fox founded the Quaker religion in 1647. They rejected the use of formal sacraments and ministry, refused to take oaths and embraced pacifism. Fleeing persecution, they settled and established the colony of Pennsylvania.
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  • Fall '15
  • Romana Lewis
  • History, Oliver Cromwell, Thirteen Colonies, Plymouth Colony, New Netherland, British colonization of the Americas

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