African Americans in Sports (1).docx

This argument is aptly affirmed by william ellerbee

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African American origin as compared to whites. This argument is aptly affirmed by William Ellerbee, who is the basketball coach of a national power Simon Gratz that is found in Philadelphia, who believes that “Suburban kids tend to play for the fun of it. Inner-city kids look at basketball as a matter of life or death” Historically, studies have examined the manner in which African Americans have been over-represented in specific sporting activities whereby this occurrence has been scrutinized sociologically, psychologically, genetically and anthropocentrically. In most cases, the issue of race is glossed over, diluted and ignored with other major perceptions like diversity or multicultural concerns. It is widely known that racial views, beliefs and feelings take place in powerful and delicate ways even in cases where there lacks an intention that is explicit. The issue of race as a genetic variable, particularly with consideration to sport, has a historic and questionable reputation. Arguing from a genetic point of view, the boundaries drawn from races have been intensely been blurred. In America, there are individuals who are grouped as African Americans even though they possess characteristics that are common to white people than Africans. Therefore, being an African American should not be based mostly on the genetic material but on the experiences that these individuals have shared during their life. As a consequence, racism manipulates various patterns of sports, identity and social distinction. In studying the issue of racial identity in African Americans, it is important to consider how stable this construct can be. Consequently, it becomes questionable as to what significance
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Thorntorn: 6 is the act of identifying individuals as African Americans if it is flexible on the basis of situational aspects. According to a research conducted by Sellars and Shelton (2000), the issue of racial identity in sports has both stable and situational factors. These authors posit that under situations where race is considered as an important issue, the issue of identifying individuals as African Americans becomes highly regarded. Another concern is what takes place when sport is regarded as a significant part of an individual’s identity and what takes place when a person who is of African American origin gets a strong identity and affinity in the sphere of sports. Whereas some people believe that the issue of racial identity inspires the enhancement of racial identity, it becomes questionable on what takes place when the issue of athletic identity is taken to the forefront. Athletic identity is the extent to which a person is identified with a particular athletic duty. Whereas athletic identity and racial identity can be positively associated in athletes who are of European American origin, these constructs were found to have a negative correlation with regards to athletes who are of African American nature. While taking part in sporting activities,
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