Workshop 3 - Ethics and Politics - More on Epistemology and Ontology.pdf

Each group will discuss their scenarios and report

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Each group will discuss their scenarios and report their concerns and findings back to class. Make sure you nominate a note taker. Some of you might already be familiar with these cases, they are ‘classics’ when it comes to human/social research for obvious reasons. They will inevitably cause some emotive and strong reaction, so keep your mind open (to time/place), as well as critical (in a constructive way). .
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8 1. The voluntary consent of the human subject is absolutely essential 2. The experiment should be such as to yield fruitful results for the good of society 3. The experiment should be so designed and based on the results of animal experimentation 4. The experiment should be so conducted as to avoid all unnecessary physical and mental suffering and injury 5. No experiment should be conducted where there is an a priori reason to believe that death or disabling injury will occur; 6. The degree of risk to be taken should never exceed that determined by the humanitarian importance of the problem to be solved by the experiment. 7. Proper preparations should be made and adequate facilities provided to protect the experimental subject against even remote possibilities of injury, disability, or death. 8. The experiment should be conducted only by scientifically qualified persons 9. During the course of the experiment the human subject should be at liberty to bring the experiment to an end 10. During the course of the experiment the scientist in charge must be prepared to terminate the experiment at any stage Beneficence Voluntary participation Informed Consent Scandals – Deception / Consent 3. Laud Humphreys – The Watch Queen in the Tea Room (1967) Watch Queen Observation of homosexual acts in public toilets. Recorded car licence plates. Learned of names and addresses from friendly policemen while pretending to be a market researcher. As a public health surveyor interviewed men he had observed. Most men married and secretive about homosexual activity. International research ethics frameworks for human research 2. UN Declaration of Human Rights 3. Declaration of Helsinki (WMA) 4. Belmont Report tutorial/define.htm World Medical Association developed a set of ethical principles for the medical community regarding Human experimentation – Declaration of Helsinki 1966. ndex.html 1. Self – determination 2. Informed Consent Ethical Principals and the Guidelines for the Protection of Human Subjects of Research – Belmont Report (1979) 1. Respect for Persons 2. Beneficence 3. Justice
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9 Personal responsibility: Reflective practice The lesson of John Hopkins (2001) John Hopkins Hospital Baltimore Office of Human Research Protection suspended supported medical research projects involving humans. 2400 federally funded human experiments 15 000 patients and volunteers $419M for research ($277 in experiments involving humans) Death of volunteer at university s asthma and allergy centre.
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  • Two '18
  • ECA
  • Stanford prison experiment, Human subject research, Human experimentation in the United States, human research

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