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Individuals enact roles differentlyoAn extravert will play the role of a student differently from an introvertRole Set-The different roles attached to a single statusoA student may interact differently with a professor and a fellow studentoA nurse will interact differently with a doctor, another nurse, and a patientRole Conflict
-Frustration and uncertainty a person experiences when confronted with requirements of two or more statusesoSomeone who is both a supervise and a friend may experience role conflictoSomeone who is a mother, student, employee and volunteer may be overloadedRole Strain-Involves incompatible demands among roles within a single status-An employee may experience role strain if he or she has more than one boss-Nurses must be both compassionate and firmCoping with Role conflict and role strain-Most people tend to deny the problem-Compromise or negotiate-Set priorities-Compartmentalize-Refuse more roles-Exit a role or statusExplaining social interaction-Symbolic interaction theory: examines how people communicate knowledge, ideas, beliefs and attitudes and how they interpret situationsSocial Construction of reality-Occurs as people perceive and understand though social interaction-Monday is Monday because people have agreed it is-Race is constructed differently in different societiesSelf-fulfilling prophecy-Thomas Theorem-If we define something as real it can becomes real if we act on it-If we assume young people will get into trouble, they probably willEthnomethodology-Ethnomethodology studies how people construct and learn to share definitions of reality that make interaction possible-People make sense of their everyday lives through observing conversations and general rules-Ethnomethdologists study interaction by analyzing conversations and violating interaction rules-Examples include trying to pay more for an item than the listed price or answering the phone with “goodbye”Dramaturgical Analysis-Examines social interaction as if it were a stage where people acct out different stages-The font stage- where the actual performance takes place-The backstage- concealed from the audience where people can relax-Impression management- involves suppressing unfavorable traitsSocial exchange theory-Assumes that social interaction is based on maximizing rewards and minimizing costs-Interactions are most satisfying when there is a balanceApplication-What are the potential costs and benefits of these interactions?oA student and professor: my time, your time, getting a batter grade or learning more about a certain topicoA first date: boy has to pay, second dateoA friendship: someone to talk to or help you out, you could lose some of your stuff if you let them borrow it
Feminist Theories-Feminist perspectives study interaction according to gender roles-State that interaction often involves a dominant-subordinate relationship where mean are usually dominantEmotional Labor-Management of feeling to create a publicly observable facial and bodily display-