Individuals enact roles differently o An extravert will play the role of a

Individuals enact roles differently o an extravert

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Individuals enact roles differently o An extravert will play the role of a student differently from an introvert Role Set - The different roles attached to a single status o A student may interact differently with a professor and a fellow student o A nurse will interact differently with a doctor, another nurse, and a patient Role Conflict
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- Frustration and uncertainty a person experiences when confronted with requirements of two or more statuses o Someone who is both a supervise and a friend may experience role conflict o Someone who is a mother, student, employee and volunteer may be overloaded Role Strain - Involves incompatible demands among roles within a single status - An employee may experience role strain if he or she has more than one boss - Nurses must be both compassionate and firm Coping with Role conflict and role strain - Most people tend to deny the problem - Compromise or negotiate - Set priorities - Compartmentalize - Refuse more roles - Exit a role or status Explaining social interaction - Symbolic interaction theory: examines how people communicate knowledge, ideas, beliefs and attitudes and how they interpret situations Social Construction of reality - Occurs as people perceive and understand though social interaction - Monday is Monday because people have agreed it is - Race is constructed differently in different societies Self-fulfilling prophecy - Thomas Theorem - If we define something as real it can becomes real if we act on it - If we assume young people will get into trouble, they probably will Ethnomethodology - Ethnomethodology studies how people construct and learn to share definitions of reality that make interaction possible - People make sense of their everyday lives through observing conversations and general rules - Ethnomethdologists study interaction by analyzing conversations and violating interaction rules - Examples include trying to pay more for an item than the listed price or answering the phone with “goodbye” Dramaturgical Analysis - Examines social interaction as if it were a stage where people acct out different stages - The font stage- where the actual performance takes place - The backstage- concealed from the audience where people can relax - Impression management- involves suppressing unfavorable traits Social exchange theory - Assumes that social interaction is based on maximizing rewards and minimizing costs - Interactions are most satisfying when there is a balance Application - What are the potential costs and benefits of these interactions? o A student and professor: my time, your time, getting a batter grade or learning more about a certain topic o A first date: boy has to pay, second date o A friendship: someone to talk to or help you out, you could lose some of your stuff if you let them borrow it
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Feminist Theories - Feminist perspectives study interaction according to gender roles - State that interaction often involves a dominant-subordinate relationship where mean are usually dominant Emotional Labor - Management of feeling to create a publicly observable facial and bodily display -
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