General anthropology developed as a scientific field

  • No School
  • AA 1
  • 30

This preview shows page 10 - 19 out of 30 pages.

GENERAL ANTHROPOLOGY Developed as a scientific field in the United States Early American anthropologists studying native peoples of North America combined studies of customs, social life, language, and physical traits in the 19th century
Image of page 10

Subscribe to view the full document.

GENERAL ANTHROPOLOGY Answers to key anthropological questions often require an understanding of both human biology and culture and of both the past and the present Subfields influence each other Sound conclusions about “human nature” cannot be derived from studying a single nation, society, or cultural tradition
Image of page 11
THE SUBDISCIPLINES OF ANTHROPOLOGY Cultural anthropology Anthropological archaeology Biological, or physical, anthropology Linguistic anthropology
Image of page 12

Subscribe to view the full document.

CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY Cultural anthropology : comparative, cross-cultural study of human society and culture Ethnography : fieldwork in a particular cultural setting; provides an account of that community, society, or culture Ethnology : study of sociocultural differences and similarities; examines, interprets, and analyzes the results of ethnography
Image of page 13
Ethnography and Ethnology— Two Dimensions of Cultural Anthropology ETHNOGRAPHY ETHNOLOGY Requires fieldwork to collect data Uses data collected by a series of researchers Often descriptive Usually synthetic Group/community specific Comparative/cross-cultural
Image of page 14

Subscribe to view the full document.

ANTHROPOLOGICAL ARCHAEOLOGY Anthropological archaeology , or archaeological anthropology: study of human behavior and cultural patterns and processes through culture’s material remains Artifacts (potsherds, jewelry, tools) Garbage Burials Grains Remains of structures
Image of page 15
Anthropological archaeologists from the University of Pennsylvania work to stabilize the original plaster at an Anasazi (Native American) site in Colorado’s Mesa Verde National Park. Anthropological archaeologists from the University of Pennsylvania work to stabilize the original plaster at an Anasazi (Native American) site in Colorado’s Mesa Verde National Park.
Image of page 16

Subscribe to view the full document.

ANTHROPOLOGICAL ARCHAEOLOGY Many archaeologists examine ecology : study of interrelations among living things in an environment Paleoecology looks at ecosystems of the past Archaeologists reconstruct ecological patterns, behavior patterns, and lifestyles of the past
Image of page 17
ANTHROPOLOGICAL ARCHAEOLOGY Archaeologists also study cultures of historical and living peoples Historical archaeology combines archaeological data with textual data to reconstruct historically known groups Rathje’s “garbology” shows that what people report may contrast with real behavior
Image of page 18

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 19

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Ask Expert Tutors You can ask 0 bonus questions You can ask 0 questions (0 expire soon) You can ask 0 questions (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes