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A nurse informatics specialist who is key to developing the infrastructure of health policy. Policy development on the local, national, and international levels is an integral part of this role.○Certification■System for validating that a nurse possesses certain skills and knowledge or is competent to complete a task. Competence and skill level are determined by or based on an external review, assessment, examination, or education.○Consultant■A person hired to provide expert advice, opinions, and recommendations based on his or her area of expertise.○Data■Raw facts that lack meaning.○Decision support/outcomes manager■Person charged with reviewing the effects of interventions suggested by the computerized decision support system.○Educator■Sage, leader, and/or guide who assists in the process or practice oflearning.○Entrepreneur■Person who assumes the risks of beginning an enterprise or business and accepts responsibility for organizing and managing the organization.○Informatics■A field that integrates a specialty’s science, computer science, cognitive science, and information science to manage and communicate data, information, knowledge, and wisdom in a specialty’s practice.○Informatics innovator■One who makes enhancements or improvements and creative, novel, and inventive solutions in the informatics specialty.○Informatics nurse specialist■A registered nurse with formal, graduate education in the field of informatics or a related field, who is considered a specialist in the field of nursing informatics.○Knowledge worker■Those who work with information and generate information and knowledge as a product.○Medical informatics
■A specialty that integrates medical science, computer science, cognitive science, and information science to manage and communicate data, information, knowledge, and wisdom in medical practice.○Product developer■One who designs, creates, and builds a product○Project manager■Person responsible for the success of a project, who manages the planning and enactment of the project.○Researcher■The one who researches ○TIGER initiative■The work of the Technology Informatics Guiding Education Reform team. This team of nursing leaders developed a vision for utilizing information technology to transform nursing practice.●Chapter 15 ○Adverse events■Any undesirable experiences or outcomes in a patient related to theuse of a medical treatment or product.○Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)■An agency within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services that supports health services research initiatives.○Bar-code medication administration (BCMA)■A system using bar-code technology affixed to the medication○Clinical decision support (CDS)■A computer-based program designed to assist clinicians in making clinical decisions by filtering or integrating vast amounts of information and providing suggestions for clinical intervention.○Computerized physician order entry (CPOE)■