ECE _ DSST Organizational Behavior

An interest group represents those working together

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Unformatted text preview: An interest group represents those working together to attain a specific objective with which each member is concerned. People who may or may not be aligned into common command or task groups may belong to an interest group. Employees who band together to support a peer who has been fired, to have their vacation schedule altered, or to seek increased fringe benefits represent the formation of a united body to further their common interest A friendship group is a group brought together because the members share one or more common characteristics . Social alliances, which frequently extend outside the work situation, can be based on similar age, support for the same football team, having attended the same college, or the holding of similar political views, to name just a few such characteristics. Informal groups such as this kind provide a very important service by satisfying their members’ social needs. Because of interactions that result from the close proximity of work stations or task interactions, workers can be found playing golf together, riding to and from work together, and eating lunch together From the mid-1960s, it was believed that groups pass though a standard sequence in their evolution and that sequence is described in the Five-Stage Model. The first stage in this model is known as forming . This stage is characterized by a great deal of uncertainty about the group’s purpose, structure, and leadership. Members are testing the waters to determine what types of behavior are acceptable. This stage is complete when members have begun to think of themselves as part of a group The second stage in group development is the storming stage which is characterized by intragroup conflict. In this stage, members accept the existence of the group, but resist the constraints the group imposes on individuality. Further, there is conflict over who will control the group. When this stage is complete, a relatively clear hierarchy of leadership exists within the group The third stage in group development is the norming stage. This stage is one in which close relationships develop and the group demonstrates cohesiveness. There is now a strong sense of group identity and camaraderie. This norming stage is complete when the group structure solidifies and the group has assimilated a common set of expectations of what defines correct member behavior. The fourth stage in group development is the performing stage, when the group is fully functional . The structure at this point is fully functional and accepted. Group energy has moved from getting to know and understand each other to performing the task at hand. For permanent work groups, performing is the last stage in their development....
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An interest group represents those working together to...

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