226.The course of family therapy is usually brief.A)TrueB)False227.Couples therapy often focuses on conflict resolution and communication problems.228.Couples therapy has little effect on marital satisfaction.229.Overall, group therapy is less effective than individual therapy.230.Prozac is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor.Page 37
A)TrueB)False231.Major depression is usually treated with anticonvulsants and mood-stabilizers.232.Monoamine oxidase inhibitors were the first antidepressants.233.The medications Paxil, Prozac, and Zoloft were first used in the 1980s.234.Today's selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors have few, if any, side effects.A)TrueB)False235.Lithium is a naturally occurring element used as a mood stabilizer.236.Tyrone experiences periods of extreme mania alternating with deep depression. He will probably be treated with an antipsychotic medication.237.Anticonvulsant is to antipsychotic as bipolar disorder is to schizophrenia.238.Both traditional and atypical antipsychotics reduce serotonin levels in the brain.A)TrueB)FalsePage 38
239.Traditional antipsychotics were largely responsible for the first waves of deinstitutionalization in the 1950s.240.Valium and Xanax are benzodiazepines.241.GABA is to serotonin as antidepressant is to antianxiety drug.242.Antianxiety medications can be very addictive.A)TrueB)False243.Psychotropic drugs are just as effective when they are used alone as when they are used in combination with psychotherapy.244.Electroconvulsive therapy is no longer used for major depression.245.Prefrontal lobotomies were performed on mental patients during the 1930s through the 1950s.246.Modern, targeted psychosurgery has been used to treat severe cases of obsessive-compulsive disorder.A)TrueB)False247.For therapy to be effective, the therapist must share the client's cultural background.Page 39
248.American Indian cultures are usually individualistic.249.E-therapy can improve access to treatment in isolated, rural areas.250.Therapists are encouraged to "friend" or "follow" their clients using social media.A)TrueB)False251.After 21 psychotherapy sessions, about 80% of clients show significant improvement.252.Twenty-one sessions of psychotherapy are as effective as 42.253.Most group insurance plans no longer cover mental health treatment.254.A single hour of psychotherapy generally costs at least $200.A)TrueB)False255.Clinical psychologists have ether PhD or PsyD degrees.A)TrueB)False256.Briefly describe the important developments in the history of psychological treatment Page 40
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