What are some of the differences Neglect and abuse tend to go hand in hand with

What are some of the differences neglect and abuse

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human populations? What are some of the differences? Neglect and abuse tend to go hand in hand with humans but with primates that tends to not be the case. In primates, abuse and neglect appear to be clearly distinct in terms of risk factors and circumstances of occurrence, suggesting that the two phenomena may have different biological functions and be regulated by different mechanisms -in both primates and humans, the prevalence of abuse and neglect is likely to be higher than reported. In monkeys, abuse seems to be more frequent than neglect, whereas the opposite is true for humans. Another important similarity is infant maltreatments transmission across generations. Ex: they experienced abuse themselves, it was a learned behavior, Other traumatic events such as parental separation or loss that occur during infancy may be present in the developmental history of some primate and human parents who abuse their infants. - In primates, as in humans, abusive parents do not necessarily show signs of obvious psychological and social pathologies, although they may experience some degree of social isolation from other members of their group or community NATALIE IG Cicchetti, D., Toth, S. L., & Maughan, A. (2000). An ecological-transactional model of child maltreatment. In A. J. Sameroff, M. Lewis, & S. M. Miller (Eds.), Handbook of Developmental Psychopathology, Second Edition (pp. 689-722). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. Know the model well, including the following terms (also covered in lecture): Macrosystem, exosystem, microsystem, ontogenic development, potentiating factors (transient challengers, enduring vulnerability factors), compensatory factors (transient buffers, enduring protective factors).
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Harm standard: children considered to have been maltreated if they experienced demonstrable harm at the hands of a parent or primary caregiver. Endangerment standard: children who have experienced maltreatment that put them at risk of demonstrable harm. Macrosystem: beliefs and values of the culture that contribute to the perpetuation of child maltreatment Exosystem: aspects of communities in which families and individuals live that contribute to child maltreatment Microsystem: which includes factors within the family that contribute to the occurrence of child maltreatment Ontogenic development: which includes factors within the individual that are associated with being a perpetrator of child maltreatment Potentiating factors Transient challengers: have the potential to increase maltreatment acts. Includes short term conditions and stresses such as loss (of status, job, loved one), physical injury or illness, legal difficulties, marital or family problems. Enduring vulnerability factors: relatively long lasting factors, conditions or attributes that serve to potentiate maltreatment.
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  • Spring '19
  • Physical abuse, Psychological abuse, Neglect

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