Film Noir : American thriller or detective films made in the period 1944-54 and to the work of directors such as Orson Welles, Fritz Lang, and Billy Wilder. William Randolph Hearst : owning the biggest newspaper chain in the U.S. and, along with Joseph Pulitzer, inventing "Yellow Journalism" - tabloids that exploited crime, lurid romantic tragedies, scandals, and "young immigrant makes good" stories to appeal to the huge immigrant populations of the cities. He succeeds in helping to start the Spanish-American War in 1898. “War of the Worlds” broadcast : Directed and narrated by actor and future filmmaker Orson Welles, the episode was an adaptation of H. G. Wells' novel The War of the Worlds (1898). Welles was courted by Hollywood studios, but was only interested in complete creative control.It became famous for allegedly causing mass panic. Orson W ells Guglielmo Marconi : Guglielmo Marconi, 1st Marquis of Marconi was an Italian inventor and electrical engineer, known for his pioneering work on long-distance radio transmission, develop - ment of Marconi's law, and a radio telegraph system. David Sarnoff : In 1925, RCA purchased its first radio station (WEAF, New York) and launched the National Broadcasting Company (NBC), the first radio network in America. Four years later, Sarnoff became president of RCA. William S. Paley : William Samuel Paley was the chief executive who built the Columbia Broad - casting System from a small radio network into one of the foremost radio and television network operations in the United States. cbs NBC : The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of NBCUniversal, a subsidiary of Com - cast. CBS : Formation of CBS. 1. Williams S.Paley 2.Paramount — public CBS develops stars. 1. Bing Crosby 2. Kate Smith Communications act of 1934 : President Roosevelt proposed replacing the Federal Radio Com - mission (FRC) with the new Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to regulate not only broadcasting, but telephony as well. Act on applications for licenses and renewals: once every three years.Licenses based on the "public interest, public convenience, or necessity" of the li - cense owner. Federal Communications Commission : FCC could not outright censor: it could not forbid a broadcast, but could only consider past performance and react to public complaints at renewal time.Their licensing power was a life or death authority for station owners.The FCC also made
decisions on the power of signals for stations, the hours of operation, and the dial position.They had to approve sales of stations. President Roosevelt's "Fireside Chats” : an important cohesive force during the dark days of the Depression explain his policies to the American public. FDR used these speeches to comfort Americans who were reeling because of the devastating effects of the Great Depression. Because he wanted to extend his economic recovery program to the people, FDR used the Fireside Chats to complement his successful New Deal. Mercury Theater of the Air : the troupe on the radio, performing plays like Bram Stoker's Drac - ula, Treasure Island, The Thirty Nine Steps, The Count of Monte Cristo AND WAR OF THE WORLD broadcast. Radio Genres : Soap Operas . Variety Shows. Talk/Interview Shows. Prestige Drama . Fantasy/Adventure. Situation Comedies . Quiz/Game Shows.
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