History of science 1 pre agricultural cultures

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undiscovered before me.
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History of science 1 - Pre-Agricultural cultures practiced scientific investigations by trial and error (can I eat it? will it kill me? can I use this for something?). Stories told from generation to generation were used to transfer orally the accumulated knowledge of a tribe / culture. - Invention of writing enables more accurate and more permanent transfer of knowledge - Egyptian manuscripts on medical methods are first known written records (~3500 yrs) - Astronomy develops in early agricultural civilizations (Egypt, Babylon, …) because of th relationship between agricultural processes and natural cycles (seasons, phases of the Moon (Harvest Moon = late summer full Moon) - By about 2500 years ago in Greece, philosophical foundations of scientific method are being laid down (similar thoughts at about the same time in India). - In the next few hundred years Plato, Socrates, Aristotle, Epicurus, …
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History of science 2 - Greek philosophers used observations to test daring hypothesis (round Earth?) - Egyptians and Romans focused on applied science (engineering and military technology) - And then there were Dark Ages in Europe - started with burning of libraries and manuscripts, closure of schools, killing of teachers and scientists - Islamic and Asian scientists carried the torch of science through Dark Ages (hence we use Indo-Arabic numbers to this day)
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Modern Age of Science - Renaissance and medicine (Bacon, Descartes, Galileo = experimentalist) - Age of exploration (opening of European mind) - Birth of modern math and physics (Newton = rules of reasoning) - Competition between French and English Royal Societies - Industrial revolution (growth in population, wealth, lifespan, health, …) Nullius in Verba (motto of Royal Society of London)
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I do not know what I may appear to the world, but to myself I seem to have been only like a boy playing on the sea-shore, and diverting myself in now and then finding a smoother pebble or a prettier shell than ordinary, whilst the great ocean of truth lay all undiscovered behind me. Isaac Newton
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