EXAM2SPR18ch23to27(1)-2.docx

A ottomans b russians c egypt d france 67 catherine

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A. Ottomans B. Russians C. Egypt D. France (67) Catherine the Great of Russia began her reign by following the “royal thesis” of the Enlightenment, which stated that she had to institute reforms but could still A. treat serfs harshly. B. overtax her subjects. C. co-rule with her husband. D. be an autocratic ruler. (68) The Decembrist revolt in Russia, 1825, was a A. peasant rebellion. B. military officer revolt. C. workers’ strike. D. Tartar national uprising. (69) Although Russian serfdom was abolished in 1861, serfs were not entirely free, as they had to do what to achieve their freedom? A. Pay an annual fee for their land. B. Serve in the army for five years. C. Work an aristocrat’s land for five years. D. Move to a city and find a job there. (70) The Pan-Slavic movement gave Russia the special charge of defending Slavic peoples in the Balkans against A. Austria. B. Greece. C. each other. D. Ottomans. (71) Nicholas II was a extremely anti-constitutionalist ruler, and distrusted any group outside of the mainstream, which led him to institute pogroms in 1903-1906 against what group of non-Russians? A. Ukrainians B. Poles C. Jews D. Tartars (72) Although Russia did finally build railroads by 1890, one problems with her lines was that they A. ran on coal, which Russia did not have. B. were of a different gauge from the rest of Europe. C. required operators who had to be trained in Britain. D. scared the peasants too much to be used. (73) What office did Sergei Witte hold that allowed him to encourage industrialization in Russia in the 1890s? A. heir to the tsar B. patriarch C. finance minister D. head of the army
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(74) Why did Witte believe that Russia needed faster access to Siberia? A. mineral reserves B. access to prisons C. escape from urban uprisings D. access to British India (75) Why did Britain not get involved in the Russo-Japanese War in 1904? A. They did not trust Russia and wanted her to lose. B. They were too busy putting down a revolt in India. C. They had a “benign neutrality” agreement with Japan. D. They were bankrupt and could not afford to interfere. Chapter 26 Industrialization (76) Steamship cut the travel time from Britain to the United States A. by ten percent. B. by a third. C. to one week. D. by one-half. (77) The Nemesis was an example of technological innovation in the mid-nineteenth century because it was the first use of a steamboat for A. transatlantic travel. B. military purposes. C. trade on the Great Lakes. D. removing coal from a mine. (78) Belgium, France, and the German states began to industrialize in the 1830s once their populations recovered following A. the Napoleonic Wars. B. the Crimean War. C. the Scramble for Africa. D. German Unification. (79) The use of structural steel and steel-reinforced concrete allowed what kind of building construction by the end of the nineteenth century?
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