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16. Arab spring 2010-201417. Syrian war starts in 2011TunisiaDec 2010-Jan 2011: revolution in Tunisia, president Zine ben Ali Flees. Jan 2011: Tunisian style protests spread to Algeria, Yemen, Brahrain and especially to EgyoeOct 2011: Rachid Ghannouchi;s islamist Ennahda party wins national elections.Egypt:2011: Massive protests, Hosni Mubarak forced to resign2012” Muslim brothers win elections and Salafist Nour party comes second. Muslim brotherhoods Libya2011: Islamic movements helps by Nato, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates reach Tripoli, take over Libya and kill Qaddafi
Syria2000-2010: Sporadic bombings around Syria by Islamic militantsJune 2011-2018: Syria war, more than 450,000 killed; 1.2 million wounded, 14 million displaced,7 cities destroyed.Shift in 2018:1)Arab traditionalist states (13 countries) Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Ira1Final examOnly materials from midtermStatus of Arab womenReligion and Instrumentalization Urban structure of the Arab World -Seven leading women-Improvement in the status of women under Islam-Eight elements of the status of women in the 19thcentury-Progress of Arab women in employment-Arab women struggle for freedom/emancipation-Three approaches to Arab studies (gender analysis)-Arab family, mother, father, extended family-Arab tribe and five Bedouin values-Arab village traditions motherhood, folk dance, folk religion-Arab rural- urban migration, urban revolution with rural roots according to Hanna Batatu.-Five characteristics of the Ara bcity and Arab countries that are almost city states (Kuwai,Dubai, Doha)-Traits of the neighborhood in the Arab city-Neighborhood divisions in Cairo, Beirut and Bagdad.-Monotheist religion in the Arab world and background on each one-Definitions: Maghran-mashreq religion, sect-Religious diversity In Iraq, Syria and Lebanon-Concepts of instrumentalization: three reasons for its use in Arab world
-Arab culture as a struggle between modernist and traditionalist---